Free Essay On Urbanization

Essay about Problems Due To Urbanization

1088 Words5 Pages

Recently, as developed countries, many cities have become more suitable to live in with all facilities that people need in favor of a comfortable live style. Therefore, many people migrate from rural areas to urban areas in a process so called urbanization (Wikipedia, 2009). Urbanization has become one of the most important issues facing both people live and governments in most countries. An important term that has been suggested as a policy to solve the problems associated with urbanization is sustainable development. Sustainable development might be defined as a balance between human needs and saving the environment (Wikipedia, 2009). This essay aims to examine the problems of urbanization as well as will discussing how that the policy…show more content…

The second point is traffic congestion. ''It is a condition on networks that occurs as use increases, and is characterized by slower speeds, longer trip times, and increased queuing'' (Wikipedia, 2009). For instance, in Los Angeles, ten years ago the number of population was 8.8 million. This number associated with 6 million automobiles with 45 million journeys each day. Whereas, in 2010, is estimated that the number of journeys will be increased up to 60 million (Thisdell, 1993. pp2).

Finally, air pollution might be a result of the previous problems, because with all these numbers of people using their own vehicles, they may contaminate the environment by cars' emissions. Stephen Gislason (2009) pointed out ''cities have become islands of toxic chemicals from the unrestrained use of vehicles burning fossil fuels''.
In order to solve the problems which mentioned earlier, there are several possible solutions. First of all, government must continuo combating the increasing of automobiles either by imposing route tax or introducing more congestion charge. An example of this can be seen in Manchester, which has been recently set congestion charge in the city center to decrease numbers of automobiles, particularly at rush hour (BBC, 2007). This approach appears to work well in Manchester.

Secondly, cities should improve its public transport to offer a convenient

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The Effects of Urbanization

1773 Words8 Pages

Urbanization
Urbanization is the gradual constant increase in the population of people in urban areas or rather cities. Urbanization is mostly associated with the rural-urban migration phenomenon that takes place when people move in large numbers from rural areas into urban areas in order to seek a better life quality (R.Faridi, 2012) (Tellnes P, 2014). As much as that can be said it is the only way that the population increases, people may also move from other their own urban areas to other more urbanized areas if they chose to do so. In its initial phase, urbanization was mostly influenced by people wanting better jobs than those they had on the country side, so people moved to more modernized places as agriculture was now being less…show more content…

The downfall of urbanisation is that it cause more problems for the city as it adds to the population of the city and in most cases this increase was not planned for, and therefore leads to whole lot of development plans failing and having to change in order to try and cope with the constant increase of the population in the city (Davis, 1955). With people moving from rural settlements to urban area, in most cases they do not have enough resource to survive in the city and they forced to find alternative sources to try and get their basic needs like shelter and food, and that is why an increase in informal settlements and other illegal dwellings that get erected (R.Faridi, 2012). Urbanisation also accounts for irregular planning that takes place in city expansions.
When a city plans to have certain expansion programmes and sets the timeline for the developments to start, the problems comes in when all of this urbanisation is taking place and now all the focus has to put into trying and finding solutions and accommodations for all these people coming into the city and now the city has to make decision here and there as to how to solve this irregular expansion of the city (Davis, 1955). This when all the high rise buildings come into play as not that much land was available or not enough land was set out for residential purposes, and now this another form of trying to solve the problem before it escalates

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