Free Economic Essay

Research Paper on Crown Corporations in Canada

Crown corporations constitute an essential part of Canadian economy and, traditionally, they play an important role in the life of the country affecting not only economy, but also political and social life of the country. At the same time, it is necessary to underline that the creation of crown corporations in Canada was not accompanied with a considerable interference of the government into economic life of the country. In fact, it was rather an attempt to take under control strategically important companies which needed the governmental support and, what is more important, which should serve to the interests of the public and, therefore, needed the establishment of the public control over their functioning. Continue reading →

Posted in Research Paper Examples Tags: Business, Economics, Government, Politics

Economics Term Paper on Business Investment in Inventories

Nowadays, Canada is considered to be a country with a stable economy and good perspectives of sustained and long-termed development. At the same time, it is extremely important to provide the sustainable development of the country and further economic progress in order to avoid socio-economic crisis.

On analysing the dynamics of changes within Canadian industries in historical terms (Table 1) and GDP (Table 2), it is necessary to underline that Canadian economy has undergone substantial changes in the last couple of decades. To put it more precisely, the Canadian GDP constantly grows and it practically doubled at market prices since 1987 to 2005 (558.949 in 1987 compared to 1.371.425 in 2005). Continue reading →

Posted in Research Paper Examples Tags: Business, Economics

Research Paper: The New Global Economy and the Essence of the Human Purpose

The contemporary economy is characterised by the process of the world globalisation. This process affects dramatically the life of societies of different countries as well as the life of individuals. Moreover, the economic globalisation accompanied and, to a certain extent, stimulated by the development of new technologies and communication, changes the life of people so significantly that the purpose of human life gets to be reshaped under its influence. Continue reading →

Posted in Research Paper Examples Tags: Communications, Economics, Technology

Research Paper on International Business AT&T

The distinguishing and integral feature of modern international business is globalization, which has a dramatic effect on domestic economies of all countries as well as the world market. Being a general term to describe the denationalization of markets and rising of the global economy, the process of globalization has obviously larger impact on the modern world than just unification of national markets into single international one. Globalization has an enormous influence upon all spheres of people’s lives, including economic, political and cultural spheres. Continue reading →

Posted in Research Paper Examples Tags: Business, Economics, Finance, Investments, Management

Research Paper, Essay on Economics

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Economics  clinton administration's proposal to increase taxes for multinational corporations   Clinton Administration's Proposal to Increase Taxes for Multinational Corporations My topic is the increase if the taxes which Clinton Administration is planning. This increase in taxes will target "multinational Corporations, end the favored tax treatment of extra long term bonds", It will also raise capital gains taxes by "changing the rules for computing the cost basis of s... 
Economics  explain why it is impossible to derive an analytical formula for valuing american puts.   Explain Why It Is Impossible to Derive An Analytical Formula For Valuing American Puts. Explain why it has proved impossible to derive an analytical formula for valuing American Puts, and outline the main techniques that are used to produce approximate valuations for such securities Investing in stock options is a way used by investors to hedge against risk. It is simply because all... 
Economics 20th century (public relation) MARKETING 438 PUBLIC RELATIONS MAJOR CASE PRESENTATION 20TH CENTURY INSURANCE COMPANY BY Branson C. Nicholson Nichelle Cox Rhonda Porter 1lb4198 02/17/99 Instructor: Paula Becker UNIVERSITY OF PHOENIX Long Beach Campus Table of Contents History, Position, Targeted M... 
Economics 401(k) plans  401(k) Plans There are many economic issues facing the nation today. While some are extremely important in determining how the economy is balanced, others are not. Although this is true, that does not necessarily make these lesser important issues obsolete. Take, for example, the recent issue of corporate leaders matching contributors to the 401(k) plan with company stock, instead ... 
Economics A senator's pain  A Senator's Pain Tommie Porter English Com. 2 Sec. 19 Dr. Chichester 12/11/95 Paper 4 - Final Draft Most Californians know exactly what they were doing when the historical were read that acquitted the four LAPD officers, and sparked the civil unrest in Los Angeles. Anna Deavere Smith does an excellent job representing Los Angele... 
Economics Abouts on the great depression  Abouts On The Great Depression To my amazement the Great Depression serves as a natural debating point that "justifies" or "refutes" various economic policies. The Great Depression and the New Deal are complex topics that are open to many interpretations. The Great Depression was the worst economic slump ever in U.S. history, and one which spread to virtually all of the industri... 
Economics Accounting  Justin Denman Accounting and Auditing Processes March 4, 2000 Writing Assignment #1 Revenue Recognition Policies The purpose of this paper is to compare the revenue recognition policies of two companies in the search, d... 
Economics Accounting system controls  Accounting System Controls In accounting systems, certain controls are needed to ensure that employees are doing their jobs properly and ensure that the system runs properly. These checks are in the best interest of the organization. These controls come in the form of internal and external controls for the system. The internal controls are the checks that are placed in the syst... 
Economics Actions of the government and the increase in prices  Actions of the Government and The Increase in Prices The United States economy is currently producing at a level of full employment in long-run equilibrium. The government then decides to increase taxes and to reduce government spending in an effort to balance the budget. The results of the actions taken by the government is the decrease of real GDP. When taxes are increased that t... 
Economics Adam smith  Adam Smith Adam Smith, a brilliant eighteenth-century Scottish political economist, had the advantage of judging the significance ol colonies by a rigorous examination based on the colonial experience of 300 years. His overview has a built-in bias: he strongly disapproved of excessive regulation of colonial trade by parent countries. But his analysis is rich with insight and remarkably ... 
Economics Advanced export marketing  Advanced Export Marketing ADVANCED EXPORT MARKETING MAJOR ASSIGNMENT There are already many federal programs that assist exporters in various ways including Progam for Export Market Development (P.E.M.D.), Canadian International Development Association (C.I.D.A.) and Canadian Commercial Corporations (C.C.C.). These programs hel... 
Economics Advantages of technology in internation trade  Advantages of Technology in Internation Trade Technology plays a major role in international trade. Databases, overnight delivery and faxes have opened the world market to not only larger companies but small ones too. To add to this globalization, companies and even competitors are combining and forming alliances to cut cost and increase the profit margin. Chrysler, General Motors... 
Economics Affirmative action  Affirmative Action The term affirmative action is applied to the use of racial, ethnic, or gendr prefrences set apart a variety of social benefits. The groups receiving such benifits, such as blacks, indians, and women are assumed to havee been victims of descrimination in the past. Thus, a program most definatly benifiting white males as a group would not be an example of affirmative a... 
Economics America online to unveil flat fee for internet access  America Online To Unveil Flat Fee For Internet Access The Internet is becoming more popular and more widely used, and the Market for internet access is growing rapidly. To stay competitive in this fast-moving industry, America Online has announced that they will switch their price plan for internet access.to a flat-fee rate of $19.95 per month. After the change... 
Economics An investigation of japanese corporate culture, its trends and changes  An Investigation of Japanese Corporate Culture, Its Trends And Changes Japanese Business & Culture bus 258.1 Table of Contents1.0 Introduction 2.0 Procedure 3.0 Findings 3.1 Changing social culture. 3.2 Business Culture in Japan 3.3 Why change is needed 3.4 What is Japan and her corporations doing to develop and change 4.0 ... 
Economics At&t  AT&T The AT+T Corporation, formerly known as The American Telephone and Telegraph Company, was incorporated on March 3, 1885 in New York as a wholly owned subsidiary of The American Bell Telephone Company. Its original purpose was to manage and expand the burgeoning toll (long distance) business of American Bell and its licensees. It continued as the long distance company u... 
Economics Australia  Australia INTRODUCTION Australia, island continent located southeast of Asia and forming, with the nearby island of Tasmania, the commenwealth of Australia, a self governing member of the Commenwealth of Nations. The commenwealth of Australia is made up of six states--News south Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, and Wester n Australia--and two territories--the A... 
Economics Becoa report on investing currencies in the far east  BECOA Report on Investing Currencies in the Far East Prepared by: Brad Saunders Introduction In the world today, the possibilities are endless for people who want to make money. These opportunities may exist in the form of a bond, currency, stock, or business venture, but the common tie between them is that it is possible to make money if you research the market and impose the p... 
Economics Bhp revitalizes its global management  BHP Revitalizes Its Global Management Summary of the article by David Forman "BHP REVITALISES ITS GLOBAL MANAGEMENT," Business Review Weekly, April 17 1995, page 24-26. BHP is setting up the required management to handle a rapid global expansion. They have done this by appointing a network of regional corporate representatives and a corporate general manager, international. Represe... 
Economics Bill clinton - redefines democratic-republican  Bill Clinton - Redefines Democratic-Republican In the early 1800's, the United States was but a promising seedling in search of viable political direction. The initial parties were known as the federalists and the Democratic-Republicans, the first of which soon diminished and the later eventually bisected. The result is the two party Democrat and GOP system which the majority of polit... 
Economics Book review of business policy and strategy: an action guide  Book Review of Business Policy and Strategy: An Action Guide Submitted in partial fulfillment of B.S. in Business Administration Century University, New Mexico Grade = 95% {A} Business Policy and Strategy: An Action Guide, by Robert Murdick, R. Carl Moor and Richard H. Eckhouse, attempts to tie together the broad policies and interrelationships that ... 
Economics Budget 97  Budget 97 Finance Minister Paul Martin unveiled the Liberal government's 1997 budget recently. As most economic and political experts predicted there were very few surprises, if any. This was a cautious and predicable budget that was every bit political as it was economical. With the Liberal government set to call an election in late May or early June the Party was very reluc... 
Economics Burger king and its advertising campaigns  Burger King and Its Advertising Campaigns Burger King is a reliable burger company which has had its ups and downs. In 1974, it came out with a slogan of "Have it your way" and at this time it also had a 4 % market share. Burger King's idea was to have the customer have their burger done their way rather than a standard burger. In the early 80's Burger King was trying to keep sales ... 
Economics Business process redesign or reengineering  Business Process Redesign or Reengineering Business Process Redesign (BPR) or Reengineering is "the fundamental rethinking and radical redesign of business processes to achieve dramatic improvements in critical, contemporary measures of performance, such as cost, quality, service, and speed" (Hammer and Champy, Reengineering). Since the BPR idea has surfaced it has been under consta... 
Economics Canada's aid to third world countries  Canada's Aid to Third World Countries What are some of the major problems faced by "Third World" Countries today? Who should be held responsible for these problems? Why? What has Canada done to help "Third World Countries"? There has always been a dominant country in the world that sets the economic standard throughout powerful countries. Canada has always been a top ra... 
Economics Canada's unemployment rate  Canada's Unemployment Rate For decades prior to the 1981-82 recession, the national unemployment rates of Canada and the United States had been nearly identical. Since then, a persistent "unemployment rate gap" has emerged. Throughout most of the 1980s, Canada's unemployment rate has consistently been about 2 percentage points higher than in the United States. The gap developed in ... 
Economics Capital punishment deters murder, and is just retribution  Capital Punishment Deters Murder, and Is Just Retribution Capital punishment, is the execution of criminals by the state, for committing crimes, regarded so heinous, that this is the only acceptable punishment. Capital punishment does not only lower the murder rate, but it's value as retribution alone is a good reason for handing out death sentences. Support for the death pena... 
Economics Capitalism  Capitalism SENIOR PROJECT RESEARCH PAPER BY JASON GERKEN CAREER ENGLISH MRS. CONLON 5/14/95 Today in the United States, a free market system or capitalism is the main economic system. I am interested in this subject because I someday wish to own my own business. I believe that in the future this topic will be very useful... 
Economics Careers in investment banking  Careers in Investment Banking Davin Bloom English 152 Reuff, Instructor Paper 2 2/25/97 A career in the securities industry can offer exciting work if you enjoy working in a competitive and demanding atmosphere. Investment bankers, stock brokers, and stock traders all make up the securities industry providing services to each other... 
Economics Chaos in the currency markets : currency crisis of the ems  Chaos in The Currency Markets : Currency Crisis of The EMS 1. What does the crisis of September 1992 tell you about the relative abilities of currency markets and national governments to influence exchange rates? The currency markets and national governments both have abilities to influence exchange rates. Like other financial markets, foreign exchange markets react to any news that ... 
Economics Chernobyl  Chernobyl The topic I have chosen for this term paper is "Ex-Soviet Bloc's Environmental Crisis, Issue C." #2 Upgrading nuclear reactors to meet international standards. I have chosen this topic because nuclear power is not only an environmental issue but also a severe health issue for the citizens around the nuclear site and also for the rest of the country and world because of... 
Economics China's economic growth due to recent foreign policies  China's Economic Growth Due to Recent Foreign Policies Recent Chinese economic policies have shot the country into the world economy at full speed. As testimony of this, China's gross domestic product has risen to seventh in the world, and its economy is growing at over nine percent per year (econ-gen 1). Starting in 1979, the Chinese have implemented numerous economic and poli... 
Economics Chinese economic reform under communist rule  Chinese Economic Reform under Communist Rule Two years after the death of Mao Zedong in 1976, it became apparent to many of China's leaders that economic reform was necessary. During his tenure as China's premier, Mao had encouraged social movements such as the Great Leap Forward and the Cultural Revolution which had had as their bases ideologies such as serving the people and maintaini... 
Economics Classical liberalism  Classical Liberalism Classical liberalism was the dominant ideology of capitalism during the periods of eighteenth century. It view was widely accepted. It said that government should just sit back and watch business so they do not cheat the government also to enforce contracts. The classical had many creeds they were Psychological, economic, and ,political. Each view ha... 
Economics Code of professional ethics by american institute of certified public accountants  Code of Professional Ethics by American Institute of Certified Public Accountants Introduction "A code of professional ethics is a voluntary assumption of self discipline above and beyond the requirements of the law. The Code of Ethical Conduct serves the highly practical purpose to notify the public that the profession will protect the public interest" (Carey, Doherty: p 3). When peo... 
Economics Colgate palmolive  Colgate Palmolive With a continuous expansion in it's product line, Colgate-Palmolive is taking on the look of one of the most stable stocks on the exchange. Colgate has a wide variety of products sold around the globe including, Colgate Toothpastes, Speed Stick Deodorants, Ajax Surface Cleaner, and Hill's Science Diet foods for house pets. Colgate was founded in 1806 in N... 
Economics Communism in the soviet union and why it failed  Communism in the Soviet Union and Why it Failed Communism is defined as "a system of political and economic organization in which property is owned by the community and all citizens share in the enjoyment of the common wealth, more or less according to their need." In 1917 the rise of power in the Marxist-inspired Bolsheviks in Russia along with the consolidation of power by Vladimir L... 
Economics Comparing japan and american food markets  Comparing Japan and American Food Markets The Japanese Market has become vital to the U.S. Economy. Japan is the number one export market for the United States. In 1993, Japan accounted for 37.6 percent of the total growth in U.S. value-added exports. U.S. food products, in particular, are a huge market in Japan. American agricultural exports to Japan in 1993 were $8.7 billion. ... 
Economics Conflicting goals in economic growth  Conflicting Goals in Economic Growth Goals of monetary policy are to "promote maximum employment, inflation (stabilizing prices), and economic growth." If economists believe it's possible to achieve all the goals at once, the goals are inconsistent. There are limitations to monetary policy. The term "maximum employment" means that we should try to hold the unemploym... 
Economics Consequences of trade restrictions and tariffs  Consequences of Trade Restrictions and Tariffs How does imposing trade restrictions affect a country's macro economic objectives? Nowadays all countries need to trade between themselves. Countries always lack of some type of good and the only way they can get them is by importing them from other countries which do produce the desired goods. However, countries many times impor... 
Economics Consumer alert  Consumer Alert In an era when free enterprise is the key to an efficient, productive, and successful country, business sometimes digresses from their true duties of producing goods and services at an honest and decent price. Consumer Alert, founded in 1977, was founded with a single purpose in mind: "to advance the consumer interest through advocacy of free-market solutions to cons... 
Economics Consumers purchasing on credit  Consumers Purchasing on Credit The reasons we as Americans buy on credit varies, but without it most of us would probably never be able to purchase necessities such as a home or automobile. The nation's economy depends on credit, the promise to pay later for goods and services used today; but along with consumer credit comes consumer debt. With the rise in telemarketing and comme... 
Economics Corporate development during the industrial revolution  Corporate Development During the Industrial Revolution The Standard Oil Company founded by John D. Rockefeller and the U.S. Steel Company founded by Andrew Carnegie. The Standard Oil Company and U.S. Steel Company were made successful in different ways due to the actions of their different owners. The companies differed in their labor relations, market control, and structural organ... 
Economics Corporate downsizing  Corporate Downsizing - INTRODUCTION - Downsizing, restructuring, rightsizing, even a term as obscure as census readjustment has been used to describe the plague that has been affecting corporate America for years and has left many of its hardest working employees without work. In the 1980's, twenty-five percent of middle management was eliminated in the United States (Greenberg... 
Economics Counterfeiting: we're in the money  Counterfeiting: We're In The Money A frequently asked question by a customer is "Can you break a hundred dollar bill?" If this request has been granted, why do the cashiers take the bill and turn it into a biology experiment? Between pouring a liquid on the note and/or holding it up to the light to check for authenticity, is our currency system in danger? As of the beginning... 
Economics Creative writing: the county courthouse  Creative Writing: The County Courthouse When we are young, most of us are somewhat naive. We are inherently taught that good will always triumph over evil. A courthouse is the forum where evil should be dealt with. But, in reality, this is seldom the case. The county courthouse looks like a typical courthouse. The courthouse itself looks like a place where justice is served. It is a R... 
Economics Creative writing: things and stuff  Creative Writing: Things and Stuff There is a highly distinguishable difference between things and stuff per se. In this essay I will help the reader become proficient in identifying what may fall under the classification of things and what is stuff. The thing is that things and stuff often appear the same on the surface, but they are in actuality very different. Things hav... 
Economics Crime and the black market in modern day china  Crime and the Black Market in Modern Day China With a population of approximately 1,203,097,268 people , China, who has the world's largest population, also has the world's fastest growing black market and crime problem. In China, crime rates have been climbing an estimated 10 percent a year since the early 1980s . China is a country that is currently experiencing both political an... 
Economics Cutting the national debt  Cutting the National Debt "It's time to clean up this mess." Famous last words heard from the mouths of many different politicians when talking about the national debt and the budget deficit. Our debt is currently $4.41 trillion and we have a budget deficit of around $300 billion and growing. Our government now estimates that by the year 2002 the debt will be $6.507 Trillion... 
Economics Deficit spending: the deficit good or bad  Deficit Spending: The Deficit Good or Bad "Spending financed not by current tax receipts, but by borrowing or drawing upon past tax reserves." , Is it a good idea? Why does the U.S. run a deficit? Since 1980 the deficit has grown enormously. Some say its a bad thing, and predict impending doom, others say it is a safe and stable necessity to maintain a healthy economy. When the... 
Economics Describe the roles of government in the present business environment  Describe The Roles of Government In The Present Business Environment In the present business environment governments have the power to change and make laws, having a major role and influence on the business environment. There are three levels of government; federal, state and local. The federal government has power over such areas as; company law, income tax, trade etc. State govern... 
Economics Domestic violence  Domestic Violence By: Kris Hudson Each day, the statistics on domestic violence get more and more horrifying. A woman is beaten every 15 seconds, 22 to 35 percent of emergency room visits from women are because of ongoing partner abuse, 1 in 4 pregnant women have a history of partner violence, and 63 percent of young men between the ages of 11 and 20 are in jail for murdering the... 
Economics Drinking and driving offenses  Drinking and Driving Offenses My essay is on "Drinking and Driving Offenses". In my essay I will tell you the various kinds of drinking and driving offenses, the penalties, and the defences you can make if you are caught drinking and driving. Let me tell you about the different offenses. There are six offenses in drinking and driving. They are "driving while impaire... 
Economics Eastern airlines facing bankruptcy  Eastern Airlines Facing Bankruptcy In 1986, Eastern Airlines was in desparate trouble. The fourth quarter of 1985 had shown a $67.4 million loss, and financially experts had told Frank Borman, president and chief executive officer, that the airline had three choices: 1) a 20 percent pay cut for all union and noncontract employees. 2) Filing for Chapter 1... 
Economics Economic and monetary union of europe  Economic and Monetary Union of Europe The main reason for creating a European Market was the growing international competitiveness. In the mid of the eighties the European countries recognized that in the long run the national economies alone won't be able to compete against countries like the US, Japan and the new industrial centers in East Asia. The biggest advantage of the Europea... 
Economics Economic development in zimbabwe  Economic Development in Zimbabwe The country of Zimbabwe is one of the most economically developed on the African continent . A fairly young political entity, Zimbabwe has only enjoyed recognized autonomy since 1980, the year in which the United Kingdom repealed its imperialistic claims to the African nation . Despite its youth the country has achieved a level of economic development un... 
Economics Economic policy  Economic Policy Chad Stigall Econ 100 11/26/96 The new economic policy of the united states should include cutting taxes, reducing governmental waste, and balance the budget by having a smaller more efficient federal government. It should include equal opportunity for financial security but not through a government sponsored redistribution of wealth prog... 
Economics Economic systems of different countries  Economic Systems of Different Countries Canada: The Government of Canada is a Federal Parliamentary Democracy and a member of the Common Wealth. The Prime Minister of Canada is the Honorable Jean Chretien. The Deputy Prime Minister is Sheila Copps and the Governor General is Romeo LeBlanc. There are five major political parties in Canada they are; the Progressive Conserva... 
Economics Economics  Economics The study of economics is helpful in several ways . Some of these I will comment on . First of all , technology levels affect a societies economy , so by learning what products are produced and how they are produced , you can see how technologically advanced a society is . By examining where the produced goods are sent/used you can get a better idea of what type of ... 
Economics Economics: the american government  Economics: The American Government Most of the problems of the United states are related to the economy. One of the major issues facing the country today is social security. The United States was one of the last major industrialized nations to establish a social security system. In 1911, Wisconsin passed the first state workers compensation law to be held constitutional. At that time,... 
Economics Economics: turn around is fair game  Economics: Turn Around is Fair Game America's size and prosperity have made it the largest consumer of imported products in the world. Brightly lit shopping malls adorned with the latest foreign-made apparel, gadgets and trinkets, testify to the vast selection of goods available for purchase. There is a dark side to this enormous quantity of choices: a hefty price tag - the federal... 
Economics Employee assistance programs  Employee Assistance Programs This being the day of the great downsize many managers are hurrying to make the cut's and in doing so closely examining their Employee-Assistance Programs for effectiveness. What are they? How do they help? How do they work? Are they worth the hassle? What are they? By definition employee-assistance programs (EAP's) give a business the means ... 
Economics Enterprise & entrepreneuralism  Enterprise & Entrepreneuralism Bridgetown Newsagents - A Small Business Case Study Introduction Dillons newsagents is a late closing local shop with a 'Mini-Mart' service. The 'Mini-Mart' side of the business is franchised from Dillons to a registered partnership: Mr Charles Pettifer and Mr Marc Devis. Full services are provided in the shop, a paper delivery service is also avai... 
Economics Ethics in business  Ethics in Business From a business perspective, working under government contracts can be a very lucrative proposition. In general, a stream of orders keep coming in, revenue increases and the company grows in the aggregate. The obvious downfalls to working in this manner is both higher quality expected as well as the extensive research and documentation required for government c... 
Economics Executive summary of pepsico  Executive Summary of Pepsico Through my research of Pepsico, I have calculated the cost of capital. A firm's cost of capital is imperative because it represents the funds used to finance the firm's assets and operations. First you have to estimate the cost of capital in order to minimize it. In estimating the cost of capital, you first have to find the cost of each capital compo... 
Economics Explain and evaluate critically malthus's population theory.  Explain and Evaluate Critically Malthus's Population Theory. In 1798 Thomas Robert Malthus, a British clergyman and professor, wrote an essay showing the way to modern demography. In 1824 he wrote a shorter final version, the article on population for that year's Encyclopedia Britannica. Malthus has been criticized for his lack of scientific foresight—he did not foresee modern... 
Economics Financial instability  Financial Instability The soaring volume of international finance and increased interdependence in recent decades has increased concerns about volatility and threats of a financial crisis. This has led many to investigate and analyze the origins, transmission, effects and policies aimed to impede financial instability. This paper argues that financial liberalization and speculation... 
Economics Financial report of loewen group inc.  Financial Report of Loewen Group Inc. The Loewen Group Inc. was founded in 1969. The company has two major headquarters in North America, one in Burnaby, British Colombia and a second in Cincinnati, Ohio. Loewen Group Inc. (L.G.I.) is the largest funeral services enterprise in Canada and is the second largest company in the North American Funeral Services Industry. L.G.I. owns ... 
Economics Floating exchange rates: the only viable solution  Floating Exchange Rates: The Only Viable Solution Stentor Smith For some, the collapse of Mexico's economy proves that floating exchange rates and markets without capital controls are deadly. Others find the crash of the European exchange-rate mechanism (ERM) in 1993 to be proof that targeted rates will always be overturned by the free market. Many see the breakup of Bretton Woods as... 
Economics Ford motor company  Ford Motor Company GROUP PROJECT ACC 505 - FINANCIAL ACCOUNTING 12/01/96 TABLE OF CONTENTS DESCRIPTION PAGE INTRODUCTION........................................................1 LIQUIDITY...........................................................1-3 Working Capital...................................................1 ... 
Economics Ford motor company  Ford Motor Company Ford Motor Company is the world's largest producer of trucks, and the second largest producer of cars and trucks combined. Ford has manufacturing, assembly or sales affiliates in 34 countries and Ford companies employed 337,800 people world-wide in 1996. Ford has manufacturing facilities in 22 countries on 5 continents, with 87 plants in North America and 41 in Eur... 
Economics Foreign aid  Foreign Aid There are two words that many politicians like to shy away , and those two words are, "foreign aid." Taking a firm stand on either side of this topic is usually side stepped by decision makers. Their opinions are usually based on a case by case analysis. This extremely controversial topic involves whether or not to support the policy of foreign aid to needy or som... 
Economics Frederick winslow taylor: business management  Frederick Winslow Taylor: Business Management Lenoir Community College Frederick Winslow Taylor Business Management David Mercer Tuesday, February 04, 1997 CONTENTS I. Introduction......................6 II. The Younger Years.................7 III Midvale Steel Company.............n IV Inventions...... 
Economics French revolution  French Revolution There were many factors that contributed to the French Revolution. First of all was the greatest percent of the population, the commoners, had the least amount of power and land. This laid the foundation for social unrest which is necessary for a revolution. Second, the French economy was very weak due to France's involvement in the American Revolution. In additi... 
Economics Game theory (strategic thinking in everyday life)  Game Theory (Strategic Thinking in Everyday Life) Have you ever been faced with having to live with a decision you made knowing that had you taken the time to analyze the outcomes you may have made a more intelligible choice? Most likely the answer to that question was "yes". After all that is more - or - less is what life is about, a series of choices and the outcomes we are faced to... 
Economics Gdp as a measure of the economy  GDP As a Measure of the Economy The GDP is not a sufficient gauge of how the nation's economy is doing. The GDP is a sum of the monetary value of what has been produced in the nation in the past year. The formula for calculating the GDP ignores a large percentage of the activities that transpire in the nation's economy. The formula ignores several things as work done in the ho... 
Economics General motors - financial ratio analysis  General Motors - Financial Ratio Analysis I. General Motors History Highlights In its early years the automobile industry consisted of hundreds of firms, each producing a few models. William Durant, who bought and reorganized a failing Buick Motors in 1904, determined that if several automobile makers would unite, it would increase the protection for the group. He formed the General ... 
Economics Germany  Germany On October 3, 1990, the states of the German Democratic Republic (East Germany) shed their last ties to their Soviet created structure and joined the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany). The 23rd article of West Germany's 1949 constitution, the Basic Law, had been drafted specifically to allow for such an arrival from the East. But as the 1980s drew to a close, few G... 
Economics Growth of nys business  Growth of NYS Business April 17, 1996 For a number of reasons, business enterprise in New York grew by leaps and bounds between 1825 and 1860. New York's growth between the years 1825 and 1860 can be attributed to a number of factors. These include but cannot be limited to the construction of the Erie Canal, the invention of the telegraph, the developed of the railroads, the e... 
Economics Hardin's "lifeboat ethics: the case against the poor" - no! you cannot come in  Hardin's "Lifeboat Ethics: The Case Against the Poor" - No! You Cannot Come in Garrett Hardin writes about saving the poor in his essay"Lifeboat Ethics: The Case Against the Poor" found in The Blair Reader. Hardin writes about how the rich countries are in the lifeboat and the poor countries are swimming in the ocean. He also writes about how the United States helps other countries. ... 
Economics Heating commodities  Heating Commodities Jennifer Loughery 082970 Introductory to Micro-Economics 1011-107 Dr. Pryor November 25, 1996. Back in the middle of October, the price of natural-gas had risen because a gas company was forced to shut down a pipeline due to the need for repairs. This impending shortage led to the decrease in prices for other heating commod... 
Economics Hiring minorities  Hiring Minorities In recent years preferential hiring has become an issue of great interest. Preferential hiring, which was devised to create harmony between the different races and sexes, has divided the lines even more. Supporters on both sides seem fixed in their positions and often refuse to listen to the other group's platform. In this essay, the recipients of preferenti... 
Economics History of advertising  History of Advertising This Essay is for People that are in VCE up to Elderly People Advertising is dated back to the Christian Era. One of the first known methods of advertising was outdoor signs, they would be painted on the wall of a building and were usually very eye catching. Archaeologists have found signs in the ruins of ancient Rome and Pompeii which advertised travelers to go... 
Economics How are automatic stabilizers used to combat inflation?  How are Automatic Stabilizers Used to Combat Inflation? In today's economy, there are devices present called automatic stabilizers. Automatic stabilizers, are mechanisms which aid in the correction of an economic problem without the interference of anyone or anything. They are perhaps most useful to combat demand - pull inflation. Demand - pull inflation, is when prices rise becau... 
Economics How do dixons and tandy add value to the products they sell?  How Do Dixons and Tandy Add Value To The Products They Sell? How do Dixons and Tandy add value to the products that they sell, and, in doing so, what benefits are passed on to the consumer? Do high street consumer electronics stores offer better value for money than their mail-order counterparts? The raw price figures show that, obviously, the high street stores cost more than the ma... 
Economics How employees affect consumer behavior  How Employees Affect Consumer Behavior Summary I am going to discuss how employees affect consumer behavior and what I believe are the best ways to improve their effectiveness. I will be drawing upon my experiences as a consumer and working in a retail environment. Comments No one fulfills your corporate philosophy or promotes your products and services more than your employe... 
Economics How to have a joyous marriage!  How to Have A Joyous Marriage! by Roderick C. Meredith Here are "keys' to help make your marriage special! These insights and tested principles will help you build your marriage into a precious relationship of joy and beauty. HJM4 Edition 1.3, May 1996 This booklet is not to be sold! It has been provided as a free public educational service by the Global Church of God © 1993... 
Economics How to make sandblasted signs  How To Make Sandblasted Signs I am going to tell you how you can make a sandblasted sign. The only necessary tools you need are: bass wood, or red wood, rubber masking, spray glue, exacto knife, sand paper, paint (which most of these items you can find at your local hardware store). Also you need to know someone in your community who has a sandblasting machine to sandblast you... 
Economics Import substitution  Import Substitution Describe import substitution (Inward looking) developmental strategy, clearly outlining the differences between the first and second stage. Assess its effectiveness in promoting economic development. Compare inward looking and outward looking strategies and discuss the assertion that the latter is superior. The First Stage of Import Substitution: All present ... 
Economics In search of excellence: review  In Search of Excellence: Review In Search of Excellence is a book dealing with many different principles of economics and what makes big business' excellent. The first idea that Peters discusses is his chart of the McKinsey 7-S Framework. The graph is very simple but the ideas are fairly complex. In their research, they found that their philosophies were too hard to explain an... 
Economics Inaccuracies of the consumer price index (cpi)  Inaccuracies of the Consumer Price Index (CPI) The Consumer Price Index is a measure of the prices of a fixed market basket of some 300 consumer goods and services purchased by a "typical" urban consumer. The 1982-1984 period serves as the base period so analysts can compare other year's changes with this base period. The composition of the market basket is fixed in the base period ... 
Economics Inaccuracies of the consumer price index(cpi)  Inaccuracies of the Consumer Price Index(CPI) Aman Aggarwal Sept. 28, 1996 The Consumer Price Index is a measure of the prices of a fixed market basket of some 300 consumer goods and services purchased by a "typical" urban consumer. The 1982-1984 period serves as the base period so analysts can compare other year's changes with this base period. The composition of the market baske... 
Economics Increasing shareholder wealth  Increasing Shareholder Wealth INTRODUCTION The goal of all corporations is to increase shareholder wealth. Shareholder wealth is increased is by increasing the corporation's profit. In a corporation involved in manufacturing, reducing the cost of the factors of production is essential for growth. One of the major components of production costs is labor. When in comes to labor ... 
Economics India's economic success  India's Economic Success In every region of the world there are culture and social differences that set countries apart. Each with an economic, social and political outlooks on the future that determine the way people live. These endless arrays, even occur in different parts of a particular of every country including one of the worlds most diverse, India. India is separated into 25... 
Economics Information technology outsourcing  Information Technology Outsourcing "Information Technology outsourcing is the contracting out of part or all of an organization's IT activities." New trends have included operations, programming, and technology planning. The main reason for information technology outsourcing is to gain immediate economic gains for the company, usually through savings. Financial motivations aren't ... 
Economics Intel  Intel Results of operations. Intel broke a record in net revenues in 1995, for the ninth consecutive year, rising by 41% from 1994 to 1995 and by 31% from 1993 to 1994. Higher volumes of the rapidly raising Pentium microprocessor family, partially offset by lower prices, and increased sales of related board-level products were responsible for most of the growth in revenues in 1994 and 1... 
Economics International business ventures  International Business Ventures Measuring a potential business venture has many aspects which the international manager must be aware of in order to convey the correct information back to the decision makers. Being ignorant to any of the aspects can lead to a false representation of the project, and hence an uninformed decision being passed. In order for a business to survive it must g... 
Economics International economic policy: book review  International Economic Policy: Book Review The book reviewed in this essay, International Economic Policy in the 1990s, was to focus on some of the most recent concerns about international trade. Its author, William R. cline, seems to have some good insights about the topic as it seems that he researched, taught and lectured about this field of study. The author tried to be a... 
Economics Internationalization of accounting standards for consolidation - japan: a case study  Internationalization of Accounting Standards for Consolidation - Japan: A Case Study The purpose of this paper will be to examine problems with internationalization of accounting standards for consolidations on methods from an international perspective - specifically, in the US and Japan. This is an especially timely topic as standardization of financial markets is a prerequisite to i... 
Economics Interview to dow jones  Interview to Dow Jones Q. What is the biggest challenge facing Dow Jones in the next few years? A. To continue investing in new products and services that will strengthen our franchises, increase our competitiveness and produce new revenue flows in the future, while at the same time being careful in setting priorities, prudent in controlling costs, and committed to pro... 
Economics Introduction to business  Introduction to Business Business plays a major role within our society. It is a creative and competitive activity that continuously contributes to the shaping of our society. By satisfying the needs and wants people cannot satisfy themselves, businesses improve the quality of life for people and create a higher standard of living. It is a way for individuals to provide goods an... 
Economics Investing in canada  Investing In Canada Investing In Canada - Factors that are attractive for direct investment in Canada. Canada is the second largest country in the world, occupying close to 10 million square kilometres of land bounded by the Atlantic, Pacific and Arctic oceans. Canada shares a 6,000 kilometre border and the five largest freshwater lakes in the world with the United States. Known as t... 
Economics Japan on its way to be the world's largest economy  Japan On Its Way To Be The World's Largest Economy Japan has performed a miracle. The country's economic performance following its crushing defeat in World War II is nothing short of astounding. The economic expansion of Japan is second to none. All of the elements are in place for Japan to continue increasing its share of the world's wealth as America's gradually declines. The c... 
Economics John bates clark  John Bates Clark John Bates Clark was an American economist who lived from 1847-1938. He played an important role in the development of marginal productivity, and had a great influence on the development of economic thought in the United States. Clark was educated at Amherst College and at the University of Heidelberg in Germany. He taught at Carlton College in Northfield, Minnesot... 
Economics Karl marx's estranged labor  Karl Marx's Estranged Labor In Karl Marx's early writing on "estranged labor" there is a clear and prevailing focus on the plight of the laborer. Marx's writing on estranged labor is an attempt to draw a stark distinction between property owners and workers. In the writing Marx argues that the worker becomes estranged from his labor because he is not the recipient of the product he c... 
Economics Labor unions  Labor Unions Labor unions are groups or clubs of workers and employees who bond together to get good working conditions, fair pay, and fair hours for their labor. For example, in a newspaper, all the people who work the presses might all belong to one union. All of the artists, who are responsible for the artistic layout, might belong to another. These unions are usually jo... 
Economics Lee iacocca  Lee Iacocca Lee Iacocca, born Lido Iacocca on October fifteenth 1924, was the son of an Italian immigrant named Nicola Iacocca. He had one sister named Antonette. The family lived in Allentown, Pennsylvania. His father was some what of an entrepreneur in the food service industry. The family business was called the Orpheum Weiner House in Allentown, Pennsylvania. The company... 
Economics Linda mcquaig's shooting the hippo: causes and results of debt  Linda McQuaig's Shooting The Hippo: Causes and Results of Debt Linda McQuaig's most recent book, "Shooting the Hippo" is about the causes and results of the debt. It is a look at both the factual causes and the arguments which are merely presented to us through the various elements of the media. McQuaig delivers an insightful overview of the extensive media coverage which has bombarded ... 
Economics Long swings in the exchange rate and the excess returns puzzle: the role of imperfect knowledge  Long Swings in the Exchange Rate and the Excess Returns Puzzle: The Role of Imperfect Knowledge William Strauss The paper is a clear breath of "dirty" air in the sterile world of perfect foresight. The authors offer a well worked out model of how agents persistently bid the exchange rate away from the expected long-run equilibrium rate. It seems intuitively comfortable to see the m... 
Economics Lucent technologies  Lucent Technologies BACKGROUND In 1996, AT&T decided to split into three different companies. These new companies were the new AT&T, NCR, and Lucent Technologies. Lucent Technologies is one of the leading designers, developers, and manufacturers of telecommunications systems, software, and products.1 They are beginning to emerge as a Fortune 40 company. Lucent Technologies build... 
Economics Maglev consequences  Maglev Consequences Magnetically levitated ground transportation, or "maglev," is an advanced mode of surface high speed transportation whereby a vehicle gliding above a guide track is suspended, guided, and propelled by magnetic forces. Because they never touch the guide track causing friction, maglev vehicles can be designed to travel at extremely high speeds, 500 kilometers per ho... 
Economics Managing globalization  Managing Globalization Notes based on Managing Globalization in the age of Interdependence, published 1995 by Pfeiffer & Company, San Diego, CA. Introductory Quotation: "In Managing Globalization in the Age of Interdependence, best-selling author George C. Lodge, Jaime and Josefina Chua Tiampo Professor of Business Administration at the Harvard Business School, tackles ... 
Economics Managing the transition from maturity to decline: diamond power corporation  Managing the Transition from Maturity to Decline: Diamond Power Corporation This case study, prepared by Richard C. Scameborn, follows the Diamond Power Specialty Company from its humble beginnings in 1903 to its decline in 1991. The birth of Diamond came with the invention of the hand cranked soot blower. As the years and technology progressed, so did the Diamond soot blower. ... 
Economics Marketing project  Marketing Project Bill Rossetti Introduction In the ever changing technological era of the soon to be 21st century, electronic advancements have amazed us all. Unfortunately, the educational gap for the common man/woman as a computer end user has left many far behind. There are those who know and those who don't. This gap is the anchor of the computer industry. One question c... 
Economics Milton friedman  Milton Friedman Milton Friedman is known as one of the top economists in the world. He has a Ph. D. from Columbia University, won a Noble Memorial Prize in economics and has also been awarded many honorary degrees by other Universities in the United States. As you can tell, Milton Friedman has played a significant part in helping to solve the economy problems of the world. Y... 
Economics Minimum wage legislation  Minimum Wage Legislation I am going to pose the question to you the students of Sir Sandford Fleming College, do you really want the minimum wage legislation left in affect? As college students you are not benefiting or gaining anything from minimum wage legislation. The minimum wage legislation requires all employees to be paid at least some fixed given dollar amount per hour. This sou... 
Economics Minimum wages  Minimum Wages It sounds simple raise the minimum wage, reward hard work, and strike a blow against the society's inequalities. It's an emotional argument that blurs out the truth and make's people forget one important economic lesson: There's no such thing as a free lunch. The minimum wage has not been increased since the industrial welfare commission raised it to $4.25 an hour. ... 
Economics Monetary/fiscal policy  Monetary/Fiscal Policy Government monetary and fiscal policies change all the time. These policies are installed or fixed for the betterment of trade, inflation, unemployment, the budget, or many other economic factors. In my opinion, it seems like two people have the majority of the control when it comes to forming these policies. The first person who influences these policies is Pre... 
Economics Money  Money Money has screwed up society a lot. The times long ago were not focused around a green piece of paper that we have labeled as money. This piece of paper got an amount and then finally you have to have it. True, money buys you things. Things that you want. Things that you need. To me, money is just that; a thing. A thing to which we treat like a God. A piece of paper that ... 
Economics My vision of tomorrow  My Vision of Tomorrow Tomorrow's world will be much different and also, much better in many ways. We will have developed much better technology. We will have made huge medical advancements. The general quality of life will be much better, and living will also have become much easier. Still, nothing can ever be perfect, and in a world of the future, we will experience many complex... 
Economics Nafta  NAFTA The North America market is one of the richest in the world. Measured in terms of GDP, it is the equivalent of Western Europe. But with a somewhat smaller population, GDP per capita in North America, Canada, Mexico and the U.S., is around 12 percent higher than in Western Europe. The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), which came into effect January 1, 1994, sets out the... 
Economics Netscape analysis report  Netscape Analysis Report I. History Netscape Communications Corporation, originally named Mosaic Communications Corporation (MCOM) was founded in April 1994 by Jim Clark and Marc Andreessen. They released their first browser products free to Internet users in September 1994. Jim Clark is chairman of Netscape Communications Corporation. Before founding the company, Clark wa... 
Economics New financial and statistical measures to monitor the success of ge  New Financial and Statistical Measures to Monitor The Success of GE To : The Board of Directors, GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY Subject : NEW FINANCIAL AND STATISTICAL MEASURES TO MONITOR THE SUCCESS OF GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY After Mr. Weltch announced my new assignment, I pondered how I could go about guaranteeing the best possible result: a creditable and well organized work that is... 
Economics Nuclear power  Nuclear Power Most of the world's electricity is generated by either thermal or hydroelectric power plants. Thermal power plants use fuel to boil water which makes steam. The steam turns turbines that generate electricity. Hydroelectric power plants use the great force of rushing water from a dam or a waterfall to turn the turbines. The majority of thermal power plants burn fossil... 
Economics Obstacles toward development  Obstacles Toward Development In this every day changing world, many of us are living in a comfortable home, have enough food to eat, well clothed, healthy, and financially independent. All these are provided to us because we are living in a well-developed country. Others in the third world nation are not so lucky. They may have no shelter, limited food supply, and unemployed. This is ... 
Economics Oligopolists  Oligopolists There are four market structures in our economy today : Perfect competition, monopolistic competition, oligopolies and monopolies. This essay shall describe the oligopoly market. The definition of an oligopoly states that in an industry, a small number of firms dominate the market. There are a low number of firms in the industry, becasue and adding to the barriers... 
Economics Operating strategy  Operating Strategy Apollo Hospitals, India Considering the elements of a strategic service vision, the following are the factors applicable to the Apollo Hospitals of India. The service vision framework are according to an exhibit from "Lessons in the Service Sector" by James L. Heskett, Harvard Business Review, March/April 1987, p. 120. 1. Target Market segments · Population... 
Economics Organizational review of plant automation group  Organizational Review of Plant Automation Group It is intended that this organizational review, will provide the Districts with a better understanding of the changing process computer hardware and software support needs. Also to review the department location for the Plant Automation Group (Group), and develop recommendations on the proposed reporting relationships. ¨ Review the bac... 
Economics Penguin books: introduction to modern business  Penguin Books: Introduction to Modern Business The aim of this essay is to comment on how, over the last six years Penguin Books Limited has grown and managed external and internal changes. Sixty one years ago, Allen Lane, the managing director of the Bodley Head, a British publishing company, revolutionised reading with the introduction of the first ten Penguin paperbacks. Today, o... 
Economics People or profits?  People or Profits? In Almeda County, a private hospital turned away a woman in labor because the hospital's computer showed that she didn't have insurance. Hours later, her baby was born dead in a county hospital. In San Bernardino, a hospital surgeon sent a patient who had been stabbed in the heart to a county medical center after examining him and declaring his condition stable. The p... 
Economics Poverty and welfare  Poverty and Welfare Today it seems as if everyone has a theory about fighting poverty, now it is not necessary to be moving in the theoretical plane. Our country has had successful anti-poverty programs that were effective back a century ago, effective because they were based on these seven points: affiliation, bonding, categorization, discernment, employment, freedom, and Go... 
Economics Poverty vs. the economy  Poverty vs. The Economy Poverty is a lack of goods and services necessary to maintain a minimal adequate standard of living. The definition of the term adequate varies, however, with the general standard of living in a society and with public attitudes toward deprivation. No university accepted definition of basic needs exists because poverty is a relative concept. In poo... 
Economics Preserve the forests  Preserve the Forests In agreement with Kim Stafford, who opposes the clear-cutting of old growth forests, I feel that it is necessary to preserve the profitable lumber in its natural state for future generations. Currently, the tons of lumber produced from the Pacific Northwest region of the United States are taken for granted, and most people do not realize that the forests will b... 
Economics Prologue of history  Prologue of History Until statehood, Hawaii was ruled economically by a consortium of corporations known as the "Big Five": C. Brewer and Co., sugar, ranching, and chemicals, founded in 1826; Theo. H. Davies & Co., sugar, investments, insurance, and transportation, founded in 1845; Amfac Inc. (originally H. Hackfield Inc.-a German firm that changed its name and ownership during the anti... 
Economics Radio and television advertising  Radio and Television Advertising We are constantly surrounded by advertising. From bus stop benches to televsion commericals. Everywhere we lookd something is being advcertised. Two of the best ways to advertise are radio and television. These two mediums effect virtually everyone. Most of us listen to the radio or watch televison at some point each day. Because of this, many of u... 
Economics Rainforest cafe, inc: outline to rainforest cafe research report  Rainforest Cafe, Inc: Outline to Rainforest Cafe Research Report CORPORATE BACKGROUND History Formation Rainforest Cafe, Inc. was incorporated in Minnesota on February 3, 1994 to own and operate restaurant and retail facilities under the name of "Rainforest Cafe - A Wild Place to Shop and Eat." Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer Election. Lyle Berman was ele... 
Economics Rapid economic growth in east asian countries  Rapid Economic Growth In East Asian Countries Over the past decade, there has been rapid long-term economic growth for East Asian countries. These newly industrialising countries are experiencing growth rates in GDP per head at around 6% to 7% compared to the 2% to 3% for most industrial economies. If this growth continues, South Korea and Taiwan might take away America's dist... 
Economics Ray kroc  Ray Kroc PROBLEM STATEMENT : In order for McDonald's to reach its goal of "par excellence", it must use the full meaning and definition of marketing. Marketing is giving the target market what they want, when and where they want it, at a price they are willing to pay for it. REFLECTION / OPINION For McDonald's to achieve its "par excellence", they must focus on the fact that ... 
Economics Removal of gm jobs in flint 

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