Appendix And Bibliography Which Order Do Humans

  • Addington J, el-Guebaly N. Group treatment for substance abuse in schizophrenia. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. 1998;43(8):843–845. [PubMed: 9806092]

  • Alcoholics Anonymous World Services. The A.A. Member—Medications and Other Drugs. New York: Alcoholics Anonymous World Services, 1991.

  • Allen, J.P., and Columbus, M., eds. Assessing Alcohol Problems: A Guide for Clinicians and Researchers. Treatment Handbook Series 4. NIH Publication No. 95-3723. Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, 1995.

  • Amass L, Kamien J.B. A tale of two cities: Financing two voucher programs for substance abusers through community donations. Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology. 2004;12(2):147–155. [PMC free article: PMC1255912] [PubMed: 15122959]

  • American Academy of Pediatrics. Fetal alcohol syndrome alcohol-related neurodevelopmental disorders. Pediatrics. 2000;106:358–361. [PubMed: 10920168]

  • American Indian Development Associates. Promising Practices and Strategies To Reduce Alcohol and Substance Abuse Among American Indians and Alaska Natives. Washington, DC: Office of Justice Programs, 2000.

  • American Medical Association. Role of Self-Help in Addiction Treatment. Res. 713, A-98. 1998.www​.ama-assn.org/ama1​/pub/upload/mm/388/referral_treatment​.pdf[accessed April 26, 2004].

  • American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Third Edition, Revised (DSM-III-R). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association, 1987.

  • American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association, 1994.

  • American Psychiatric Association. Practice Guidelines for Treatment of Patients With Substance Use Disorders: Alcohol, Cocaine, Opioids. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association, 1995. [PubMed: 7485655]

  • American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Text Revision (DSM-IV-TR). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association, 2000.

  • American Psychological Association (APA). APA Rural Initiative: 1999 Year in Review. Washington, DC: APA, 1999.www​.apa.org/rural/report99.html[accessed February 11, 2004].

  • American Society of Addiction Medicine. The effectiveness of social interventions for homeless substance abusers (special issue). Journal of Addictive Diseases 14(4), 1995.

  • American Society of Addiction Medicine. Relationship Between Treatment and Self Help: A Joint Statement of the American Society of Addiction Medicine and the American Academy of Addiction Psychiatry, 1997.http://www​.asam.org/ppol​/Treatment%20and%20Self%20Help.htm[accessed February 11, 2004].

  • Armstrong T.D, Costello E.J. Community studies on adolescent substance use, abuse, or dependence and psychiatric comorbidity. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. 2002;70:1224–1239. [PubMed: 12472299]

  • Avants S.K, Margolin A, Kosten T.R, Rounsaville B.J, Schottenfeld R.S. When is less treatment better? The role of social anxiety in matching methadone patients to psychosocial treatments. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. 1998;66(6):924–931. [PubMed: 9874905]

  • Barker, R.L. The Social Work Dictionary, Fourth Edition. Washington, DC: National Association of Social Workers, 1999.

  • Bartholomew N.G, Rowan-Szal G.A, Chatham L.R, Nucatola D.C, Simpson D.D. Sexual abuse among women entering methadone treatment. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs. 2002;34(4):347–354. [PubMed: 12562102]

  • Bean, F.D.; Trejo, S.J.; Crapps, R.; and Tyler, M. The Latino Middle Class: Myth, Reality, and Potential. Los Angeles, CA: Tomás Rivera Policy Institute, 2001.

  • Beck, A.J., and Harrison, P.M. Prisoners in 2000. Bureau of Justice Statistics Bulletin. Washington, DC: Office of Justice Programs, August 2001. www​.ojp.gov:80/bjs/abstract/p00.htm[accessed February 11, 2004].

  • Belenko S. Research on drug courts: A critical review, 1999 update. National Drug Court Institute Review. 1999;2(2):1–59.

  • Bell, P. Chemical Dependency and the African American: Counseling and Prevention Strategies, Second Edition. Center City, MN: Hazelden Publishing, 2002.

  • Beresford, T., and Gomberg, E., eds. Alcohol and Aging. New York: Oxford University Press, 1995.

  • Bigelow, G.E., and Silverman, K. Theoretical and empirical foundations of contingency management treatments for drug abuse. In: Higgins, S.T., and Silverman, K., eds. Motivating Behavior Change Among Illicit-Drug Abusers: Research on Contingency Management Interventions. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association, 1999, pp. 15–31.

  • Bixler, J.B., and Emery, B.D. Successful programs for individuals with co-occurring mental health and substance abuse disorders: Examples from five states. A Report of the Joint NASMHPD-NASADAD Task Force on Co-Occurring Mental Health and Substance Abuse Disorders. Alexandria, VA: National Association of State Mental Health Program Directors and National Association of State Alcohol and Drug Abuse Directors, 2000.

  • Bloom, F.; Owen, B.; and Covington, S. Gender-Responsive Strategies: Research, Practice, and Guiding Principles for Women Offenders. Washington, DC: National Institute of Corrections, June 2003.www​.nicic.org/pubs/2003/018017.pdf[accessed February 11, 2004].

  • Blume, S.B. Understanding addictive disorders in women. In: Graham, A.W.; Shultz, T.K.; and Wilford, B.B., eds. Principles of Addiction Medicine, Second Edition. Chevy Chase, MD: American Society of Addiction Medicine, Inc., 1998, pp.1173–1190.

  • Bowser B.P, Bilal R. Drug treatment effectiveness: African-American culture in recovery. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs. 2001;33(4):391–402. [PubMed: 11824698]

  • Boylin W.M, Doucette J. Multifamily therapy in substance abuse treatment with women. American Journal of Family Therapy. 1997;25(1):39–47.

  • Bradley B.P, Gossop M, Phillips G.T, Legarda J.J. The development of an opiate withdrawal scale (OWS) British Journal of the Addictions. 1987;82:1139–1142. [PubMed: 3479162]

  • Brady K.T, Randall C.L. Gender differences in substance use disorders. Psychiatric Clinics of North America. 1999;22(2):241–252. [PubMed: 10385931]

  • Brems C, Johnson M.E, Namyniuk L.L. Clients with substance abuse and mental health concerns: A guide for conducting intake interviews. Journal of Behavioral Health Services Research. 2002;29(3):327–334. [PubMed: 12216376]

  • Brisbane, F.L. Introduction: Diversity among African Americans. In: Center for Substance Abuse Prevention (CSAP). Cultural Competence for Health Care Professionals Working With African-American Communities: Theory and Practice. CSAP Cultural Competence Series 7. DHHS Publication No. (SMA) 98–3238. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 1998, pp. 1–8.

  • Brochu S, Guyon L, Desjardins L. Comparative profiles of addicted adult populations in rehabilitation and correctional services. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment. 1999;6(2):173–182. [PubMed: 10023617]

  • Brown T.G, Seraganian P.J, Tremblay J, Annis H. Matching substance abuse aftercare treatments to client characteristics. Addictive Behavior. 2002;27:585–604. [PubMed: 12188594]

  • Budney, A.J., and Higgins, S.T. A Community Reinforcement Plus Vouchers Approach: Treating Cocaine Addiction. Manual 2: Therapy Manuals for Drug Addiction Series. NIH Publication No. 98–4309. Rockville, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse, 1998.

  • Bureau of Justice Assistance. Integrating Drug Testing Into a Pretrial Services System: 1999 Update. Washington, DC: Office of Justice Programs, July 1999. bja​.ncjrs.org/publications/#1[accessed April 8, 2004].

  • Bureau of Justice Statistics. Correctional Populations in the United States, 1997. Washington, DC: Office of Justice Programs, November 2000. www​.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/abstract/cpus97​.htm[accessed February 11, 2004].

  • Busto U.E, Sykora K, Sellers E.M. A clinical scale to assess benzodiazepine withdrawal. Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology. 1989;9:412–416. [PubMed: 2574193]

  • Campbell, J.C. Prediction of homicide of and by battered women. In: Campbell, J.C., ed. Assessing Dangerousness: Violence by Sexual Offenders, Batterers, and Child Abusers. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1995, pp. 96–113.

  • Carey K.B, Correia C.J. Severe mental illness and addictions: Assessment considerations. Addictive Behaviors. 1998;23(6):735–748. [PubMed: 9801713]

  • Carroll, K.M. Integrating psychotherapy and pharmacotherapy in substance abuse treatment. In: Rodgers, F.; Keller, D.S.; and Morgenstern, J., eds. Treating Substance Abuse: Theory and Technique. New York: Guilford Press, 1996a, pp. 286–318.

  • Carroll K.M. Relapse prevention as a psychosocial treatment: A review of controlled clinical trials. Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology. 1996b;4(1):46–54.

  • Carroll, K.M. A Cognitive-Behavioral Approach: Treating Cocaine Addiction. Manual 1: Therapy Manuals for Drug Addiction Series. NIH Publication No. 94–4308. Rockville, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse, 1998.

  • Carroll K.M, Nich C, Ball S.A, McCance E, Rounsaville B.J. Treatment of cocaine and alcohol dependence with psychotherapy and disulfiram. Addiction. 1998;93(5):713–727. [PubMed: 9692270]

  • Catalano R.F, Gainey R.R, Fleming C.B, Haggerty K.P, Johnson N.O. An experimental intervention with families of substance abusers: One-year follow-up of the Focus on Families project. Addiction. 1999;94(2):241–254. [PubMed: 10396792]

  • Catalano R.F, Haggerty K.P, Gainey R.R, Hoppe M. Reducing parental risk factors for children's substance misuses: Preliminary outcomes with opiate-addicted parents. Substance Use & Misuse. 1997;32(6):699–721. [PubMed: 9178437]

  • Center for Substance Abuse Prevention. Substance Abuse Resource Guide: Asian and Pacific Islander Americans. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 1996a. ncadi​.samhsa/gov/govpubs/MS408[accessed March 4, 2004].

  • Center for Substance Abuse Prevention. Substance Abuse Resource Guide: Hispanic/Latino Americans. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 1996b. www​.ncadi.samhsa.gov/govpubs/MS441[accessed March 4, 2004].

  • Center for Substance Abuse Prevention. Communicating appropriately with Asian and Pacific Islander audiences. Technical Assistance Bulletin, June 1997. www​.ncadi.samhsa.gov/govpubs/MS701[accessed February 11, 2004].

  • Center for Substance Abuse Prevention. Cultural Competence for Health Care Professionals Working With African-American Communities: Theory and Practice. Cultural Competence Series 7. DHHS Publication No. (SMA) 98–3238. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 1998a.

  • Center for Substance Abuse Prevention. Substance Abuse Resource Guide: American Indians and Alaska Natives. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 1998b. http://ncadi​.samhsa.gov​/referrals/resguides​.aspx?InvNum=MS419[accessed March 4, 2004].

  • Center for Substance Abuse Prevention. Responding to Pacific Islanders: Culturally Competent Perspectives for Substance Abuse Prevention. Cultural Competence Series 8. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 1999.

  • Center for Substance Abuse Prevention. Substance Abuse Resource Guide: Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Populations. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 2000. www​.ncadi.samhsa.gov​/referrals/resguides.aspx?InvNum=MS489[accessed February 11, 2004].

  • Center for Substance Abuse Prevention. Health Promotion and Substance Abuse Prevention Among American Indian and Alaska Native Communities: Issues in Cultural Competence. Cultural Competence Series 9. DHHS Publication No. (SMA) 99–3440. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 2001.

  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Increasing morbidity and mortality associated with abuse of methamphetamine—United States 1991-1994. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. 1995;44(47):882–886. [PubMed: 7476843]

  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. HIV/AIDS Surveillance Report 14:1–48, 2002.

  • Centers for Disease Control and PreventionHIV/AIDS Surveillance Report 16:1–46, 2004.

  • Charney D.A, Paraherakis A.M, Gill K.J. Integrated treatment of comorbid depression substance use disorders. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry. 2001;62(9):672–677. [PubMed: 11681761]

  • Chermack S.T, Walton M.A, Fuller B.E, Blow F.C. Correlates of expressed and received violence across relationship types among men and women substance abusers. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors. 2001;15(2):140–151. [PubMed: 11419230]

  • Chick J, Lehert P, Landron F. Does acamprosate improve reduction of drinking as well as aiding abstinence? Journal of Psychopharmacology. 2003;17(4):397–402. [PubMed: 14870951]

  • Claus R.E, Kindleberger L.R. Engaging substance abusers after centralized assessment: Predictors of treatment entry and dropout. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs. 2002;34:25–31. [PubMed: 12003110]

  • Cohen, M. Counseling Addicted Women: A Practical Guide. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 2000.

  • Compton W.M III, Cottler L.B, Phelps D.L, Ben Abdallah A, Spitznagel E.L. Psychiatric disorders among drug dependent subjects: Are they primary or secondary? American Journal on Addictions. 2000;9(2):126–134. [PubMed: 10934574]

  • Conner K.R, Shea R.R, McDermott M.P, Grolling R, Tocco R.V, Baciewicz G. The role of multifamily therapy in promoting retention in treatment of alcohol and cocaine dependence. American Journal on Addictions. 1998;7(1):61–73. [PubMed: 9522008]

  • Connors G.J, Dermen K.H. Characteristics of participants in Secular Organizations for Sobriety (SOS) American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse. 1996;22:281–295. [PubMed: 8727060]

  • Connors, G.J.; Donovan, D.M.; and DiClemente, C.C. Substance Abuse Treatment and the Stages of Change: Selecting and Planning Interventions. New York: Guilford Press, 2001a.

  • Connors G.J, Tonigan J.S, Miller W.R. A longitudinal model of intake symptomatology AA participation and outcome: Retrospective study of the Project MATCH outpatient and aftercare samples. Journal of Studies on Alcohol. 2001b;62:817–825. [PubMed: 11838919]

  • Cornish J.W, Metzger D, Woody G.E, Wilson D, McLellan A.T, Vandergrift B, O'Brien C.P. Naltrexone pharmacotherapy for opioid dependent federal probationers. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment. 1997;14(6):529–534. [PubMed: 9437624]

  • Covington, S. A Woman's Journey Home: Challenges for Female Offenders and Their Children. Washington, DC: Urban Institute, 2002.

  • Covington, S.S. A Woman's Way Through the Twelve Steps. Center City, MN: Hazelden Information Education, 1994.

  • Covington, S.S. Helping Women Recover: A Program for Treating Addiction. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1999.

  • Covington, S.S. A Woman's Way Through the Twelve Steps Workbook. Center City, MN: Hazelden Information Education, 2000.

  • Coyhis D, White W.L. Addiction and recovery in Native America: Lost history, enduring lessons. Counselor. 2002;3(5):16–20.

  • Crnkovic A.E, DelCampo R.L. A systems approach to the treatment of chemical addiction. Contemporary Family Therapy. 1998;20(1):25–36.

  • Crowley, T.J. Research on contingency management treatment of drug dependence: Clinical implications and future directions. In: Higgins, S.T., and Silverman, K., eds. Motivating Behavior Change Among Illicit-Drug Abusers: Research on Contingency Management Interventions. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association, 1999, pp. 345–370.

  • CSAT (Center for Substance Abuse Treatment). Pregnant, Substance-Using Women. Treatment Improvement Protocol (TIP) Series 2. DHHS Publication No. (SMA) 95–3056. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 1993a, reprinted 1995.

  • CSAT (Center for Substance Abuse Treatment). Screening for Infectious Diseases Among Substance Abusers. Treatment Improvement Protocol (TIP) Series 6. DHHS Publication No. (SMA) 93–2048. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 1993b.

  • CSAT (Center for Substance Abuse Treatment). Assessment and Treatment of Cocaine-Abusing Methadone-Maintained Patients. Treatment Improvement Protocol (TIP) Series 10. DHHS Publication No. (SMA) 94–3004. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 1994a.

  • CSAT (Center for Substance Abuse Treatment). Assessment and Treatment of Patients With Coexisting Mental Illness and Alcohol and Other Drug Abuse. Treatment Improvement Protocol (TIP) Series 9. DHHS Publication No. (SMA) 94–2078. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 1994b.

  • CSAT (Center for Substance Abuse Treatment). Intensive Outpatient Treatment for Alcohol and Other Drug Abuse. Treatment Improvement Protocol (TIP) Series 8. DHHS Publication No. (SMA) 94–2077. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 1994c.

  • CSAT (Center for Substance Abuse Treatment). Practical Approaches in the Treatment of Women Who Abuse Alcohol and Other Drugs. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 1994d.

  • CSAT (Center for Substance Abuse Treatment). Screening and Assessment for Alcohol and Other Drug Abuse Among Adults in the Criminal Justice System. Treatment Improvement Protocol (TIP) Series 7. DHHS Publication No. (SMA) 94–2076. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 1994e.

  • CSAT (Center for Substance Abuse Treatment). Simple Screening Instruments for Outreach for Alcohol and Other Drug Abuse and Infectious Diseases. Treatment Improvement Protocol (TIP) Series 11. DHHS Publication No. (SMA) 94–2094. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 1994f.

  • CSAT (Center for Substance Abuse Treatment). Detoxification From Alcohol and Other Drugs. Treatment Improvement Protocol (TIP) Series 19. DHHS Publication No. (SMA) 95–3046. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 1995a.

  • CSAT (Center for Substance Abuse Treatment). Treating Alcohol and Other Drug Abusers in Rural and Frontier Areas: 1994 Award for Excellence Papers. Technical Assistance Publication (TAP) Series 17. DHHS Publication No. (SMA) 95–3054. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 1995b.

  • CSAT (Center for Substance Abuse Treatment). The Tuberculosis Epidemic: Legal and Ethical Issues for Alcohol and Other Drug Abuse Treatment Providers. Treatment Improvement Protocol (TIP) Series 18. DHHS Publication No. (SMA) 95–3047. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 1995c.

  • CSAT (Center for Substance Abuse Treatment). Bringing Excellence to Substance Abuse Services in Rural and Frontier America: 1996 Award for Excellence Papers. Technical Assistance Publication (TAP) Series 20. DHHS Publication No. (SMA) 97–3134. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 1996.

  • CSAT (Center for Substance Abuse Treatment). A Guide to Substance Abuse Services for Primary Care Clinicians. Treatment Improvement Protocol (TIP) Series 24. DHHS Publication No. (SMA) 97–3139. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 1997a.

  • CSAT (Center for Substance Abuse Treatment). Substance Abuse Treatment and Domestic Violence. Treatment Improvement Protocol (TIP) Series 25. DHHS Publication No. (SMA) 97–3163. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 1997b.

  • CSAT (Center for Substance Abuse Treatment). Comprehensive Case Management for Substance Abuse Treatment. Treatment Improvement Protocol (TIP) Series 27. DHHS Publication No. (SMA) 98–3222. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 1998a.

  • CSAT (Center for Substance Abuse Treatment). Continuity of Offender Treatment for Substance Use Disorders From Institution to Community. Treatment Improvement Protocol (TIP) Series 30. DHHS Publication No. (SMA) 98–3245. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 1998b.

  • CSAT (Center for Substance Abuse Treatment). Naltrexone and Alcoholism Treatment. Treatment Improvement Protocol (TIP) Series 28. DHHS Publication No. (SMA) 98–3206. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 1998c.

  • CSAT (Center for Substance Abuse Treatment). Substance Abuse Among Older Adults. Treatment Improvement Protocol (TIP) Series 26. DHHS Publication No. (SMA) 98–3179. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 1998d.

  • CSAT (Center for Substance Abuse Treatment). Substance Use Disorder Treatment for People With Physical and Cognitive Disabilities. Treatment Improvement Protocol (TIP) Series 29. DHHS Publication No. (SMA) 98–3249. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 1998e.

  • CSAT (Center for Substance Abuse Treatment). Brief Interventions and Brief Therapies for Substance Abuse. Treatment Improvement Protocol (TIP) Series 34. DHHS Publication No. (SMA) 99–3353. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 1999a.

  • CSAT (Center for Substance Abuse Treatment). Cultural Issues in Substance Abuse Treatment. DHHS Publication No. (SMA) 99–3278. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 1999b.

  • CSAT (Center for Substance Abuse Treatment). Enhancing Motivation for Change in Substance Abuse Treatment. Treatment Improvement Protocol (TIP) Series 35. DHHS Publication No. (SMA) 99–3354. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 1999c.

  • CSAT (Center for Substance Abuse Treatment). Screening and Assessing Adolescents for Substance Use Disorders. Treatment Improvement Protocol (TIP) Series 31. DHHS Publication No. (SMA) 99–3282. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 1999d.

  • CSAT (Center for Substance Abuse Treatment). Treatment for Stimulant Use Disorders. Treatment Improvement Protocol (TIP) Series 33. DHHS Publication No. (SMA) 99–3296. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 1999e.

  • CSAT (Center for Substance Abuse Treatment). Treatment of Adolescents With Substance Use Disorders. Treatment Improvement Protocol (TIP) Series 32. DHHS Publication No. (SMA) 99–3283. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 1999f.

  • CSAT (Center for Substance Abuse Treatment). Integrating Substance Abuse Treatment and Vocational Services. Treatment Improvement Protocol (TIP) Series 38. DHHS Publication No. (SMA) 00–3470. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 2000a.

  • CSAT (Center for Substance Abuse Treatment). Substance Abuse Treatment for Persons With Child Abuse and Neglect Issues. Treatment Improvement Protocol (TIP) Series 36. DHHS Publication No. (SMA) 00–3357. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 2000b.

  • CSAT (Center for Substance Abuse Treatment). Substance Abuse Treatment for Persons With HIV/AIDS. Treatment Improvement Protocol (TIP) Series 37. DHHS Publication No. (SMA) 00–3410. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 2000c.

  • CSAT (Center for Substance Abuse Treatment). A Provider's Introduction to Substance Abuse Treatment for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Individuals. DHHS Publication No. (SMA) 01–3498. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 2001.

  • CSAT (Center for Substance Abuse Treatment). Clinical Guidelines for the Use of Buprenorphine in the Treatment of Opioid Addiction. Treatment Improvement Protocol (TIP) Series 40. DHHS Publication No. (SMA) 04–3939. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 2004a.

  • CSAT (Center for Substance Abuse Treatment). The Confidentiality of Alcohol and Drug Abuse Patient Records Regulation and the HIPAA Privacy Rule: Implications for Alcohol and Substance Abuse Programs. DHHS Publication No. (SMA) 04-3947. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 2004b. www​.hipaa.samhsa.gov​/download2/SAMHSAHIPAAComparisonClearedPDFVersion.pdf[accessed April 5, 2005].

  • CSAT (Center for Substance Abuse Treatment). Substance Abuse Treatment and Family Therapy. Treatment Improvement Protocol (TIP) Series 39. DHHS Publication No. (SMA) 04–3957. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 2004c.

  • CSAT (Center for Substance Abuse Treatment). Acamprosate: A new medication for alcohol use disorders. Substance Abuse Treatment Advisory 4(1), 2005a.

  • CSAT (Center for Substance Abuse Treatment). Medication-Assisted Treatment for Opioid Addiction in Opioid Treatment Programs. Treatment Improvement Protocol (TIP) Series 43. DHHS Publication No. (SMA) 05-4048. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 2005b.

  • CSAT (Center for Substance Abuse Treatment). Substance Abuse Relapse Prevention for Older Adults: A Group Treatment Approach. DHHS Publication No. 05-4053. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 2005c.

  • CSAT (Center for Substance Abuse Treatment). Substance Abuse Treatment for Adults in the Criminal Justice System. Treatment Improvement Protocol (TIP) Series 44. DHHS Publication No. (SMA) 05–4056. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 2005d.

  • CSAT (Center for Substance Abuse Treatment). Substance Abuse Treatment for Persons With Co-Occurring Disorders. Treatment Improvement Protocol (TIP) Series 42. DHHS Publication No. (SMA) 05–3922. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 2005e.

  • CSAT (Center for Substance Abuse Treatment). Substance Abuse Treatment: Group Therapy. Treatment Improvement Protocol (TIP) Series 41. DHHS Publication No. (SMA) 05–3991. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 2005f.

  • CSAT (Center for Substance Abuse Treatment). Client's Handbook: Matrix Intensive Outpatient Treatment for People With Stimulant Use Disorders. DHHS Publication No. (SMA) 06–4154. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 2006a.

  • CSAT (Center for Substance Abuse Treatment). Client's Treatment Companion: Matrix Intensive Outpatient Treatment for People With Stimulant Use Disorders. DHHS Publication No. (SMA) 06–4155. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 2006b.

  • CSAT (Center for Substance Abuse Treatment). Counselor's Family Education Manual: Matrix Intensive Outpatient Treatment for People With Stimulant Use Disorders. DHHS Publication No. (SMA) 06–4153. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 2006c.

  • CSAT (Center for Substance Abuse Treatment). Counselor's Treatment Manual: Matrix Intensive Outpatient Treatment for People With Stimulant Use Disorders. DHHS Publication No. (SMA) 06–4152. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 2006d.

  • CSAT (Center for Substance Abuse Treatment). Detoxification and Substance Abuse Treatment. Treatment Improvement Protocol (TIP) Series 45. DHHS Publication No. (SMA) 06–4131. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 2006e.

  • CSAT (Center for Substance Abuse Treatment). Substance Abuse: Administrative Issues in Outpatient Treatment. Treatment Improvement Protocol (TIP) Series 46. DHHS Publication No. (SMA) 06–4151. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 2006f.

  • CSAT (Center for Substance Abuse Treatment). Therapeutic Community Curriculum: Participant's Manual. DHHS Publication No. (SMA) 06-4122. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 2006g.

  • CSAT (Center for Substance Abuse Treatment). Therapeutic Community Curriculum: Trainer's Manual. DHHS Publication No. (SMA) 06-4121. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 2006h.

  • CSAT (Center for Substance Abuse Treatment). Improving Cultural Competence in Substance Abuse Treatment. Treatment Improvement Protocol (TIP) Series. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, forthcoming a.

  • CSAT (Center for Substance Abuse Treatment). Substance Abuse Treatment: Addressing the Specific Needs of Women. Treatment Improvement Protocol (TIP) Series. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, forthcoming b.

  • da Costa C.L, Younes R.N, Lourenco M.T. Stopping smoking: A prospective randomized double-blind study comparing nortriptyline to placebo. Chest. 2002;122:403–408. [PubMed: 12171809]

  • Daley, D.C. Relapse Prevention Workbook for Recovering Alcoholics and Drug Dependent Persons, Third Edition. Holmes Beach, FL: Learning Publications, 2001.

  • Daley, D.C. Dual Disorders: Relapse Prevention Workbook, Second Edition. Center City, MD: Hazelden Foundation, 2003.

  • Daley, D.C., and Marlatt, G.A. Managing Your Drug or Alcohol Problem: Therapist Guide. San Antonio, TX: Psychological Corporation, 1997.

  • Daley, D.C.; Marlatt, G.A.; and Spotts, C.E. Relapse prevention: Clinical models and specific intervention strategies. In: Graham, A.W.; Schultz, T.K.; Mayo-Smith, M.F.; Ries, R.K.; and Wilford, B.B., eds. Principles of Addiction Medicine, Third Edition. Chevy Chase, MD: American Society of Addiction Medicine, 2003, pp. 467–485.

  • Daley, D.C.; Mercer, D.; and Carpenter, G. Drug Counseling for Cocaine Addiction: The Collaborative Cocaine Treatment Study Manual. Manual 4: Therapy Manuals for Drug Addiction Series. NIH Publication No. 99–4380. Rockville, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse, 1999.

  • Daley, D.C., and Thase, M.E. Dual Disorders Recovery Counseling: Integrated Treatment for Substance Use and Mental Health Disorders. Independence, MO: Independence Press, 2002.

  • D'Avanzo, C., and Geissler, E. Pocket Guide to Cultural Health Assessment, Third Edition. Mosby's Pocket Series. Philadelphia: Elsevier, 2003.

  • Deas D, Riggs P, Langenbucher J, Goldman M, Brown S. Adolescents are not adults: Developmental considerations in alcohol users. Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research. 2000;24:232–237. [PubMed: 10698377]

  • De La Rosa M. Acculturation and Latino adolescents' substance use: A research agenda for the future. Substance Use & Misuse. 2002;37(4):429–456. [PubMed: 12064428]

  • De La Rosa M.R, White M.S. A review of the role of social support systems in the drug use behavior of Hispanics. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs. 2001;33(3):233–240. [PubMed: 11718316]

  • De Leon G. Therapeutic communities for addictions: A theoretical framework. International Journal of the Addictions. 1995;30(12):1603–1645. [PubMed: 8557410]

  • De Leon, G. The Therapeutic Community: Theory, Model, and Method. New York: Springer Publishing, 2000.

  • De Leon G, Jainchill N. Circumstance, motivation, readiness, and suitability as correlates of treatment tenure. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs. 1986;18:203–208. [PubMed: 3772644]

  • De Leon G, Melnick G.D, Kressel D, Jainchill N. Circumstances, motivation, readiness and suitability (the CMRS Scales): Predicting retention in therapeutic community treatment. American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse. 1994;20(4):495–515. [PubMed: 7832182]

  • DiClemente C.C, Hughes S.O. Stages of change profiles in outpatient alcoholism treatment. Journal of Substance Abuse. 1990;2:217–235. [PubMed: 2136111]

  • Ditton, P.M. Mental health and treatment of inmates and probationers. Bureau of Justice Statistics Special Report. Washington, DC: Office of Justice Programs, July 1999.www​.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/abstract/mhtip.htm[accessed February 11, 2004].

  • Dixon L, McNary S, Lehman A. Remission of substance use disorder among psychiatric inpatients with mental illness. American Journal of Psychiatry. 1998;155(2):239–243. [PubMed: 9464204]

  • Drake R.E, Essock S.M, Shaner A, Carey K.B, Minkoff K, Kola L, Lynde D, Osher F.C, Clark R.E, Rickards L. Implementing dual diagnosis services for clients with severe mental illness. Psychiatric Services. 2001;52:469–476. [PubMed: 11274491]

  • Drake R.E, McHugo G.J, Clark R.E, Teague G.B, Xie H, Miles K, Ackerson T.H. Assertive community treatment for patients with co-occurring severe mental illness and substance use disorder: A clinical trial. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry. 1998a;68(2):201–215. [PubMed: 9589759]

  • Drake R.E, Mercer-McFadden C, Mueser K.T, McHugo G.J, Bond G.R. Review of integrated mental health substance abuse treatment for patients with dual disorders. Schizophrenia Bulletin. 1998b;24(4):589–608. [PubMed: 9853791]

  • Drake R.E, Mueser K.T. Psychosocial approaches to dual diagnosis. Schizophrenia Bulletin. 2000;26:105–118. [PubMed: 10755672]

  • Edwards, J.T. Treating Chemically Dependent Families: A Practical Systems Approach for Professionals. Minneapolis, MN: Johnson Institute, 1990.

  • Edwards M.D, Steinglass P. Family therapy treatment outcomes for alcoholism. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy. 1995;21(4):475–509.

  • Ehrman R.N, Robbins S.J, Cornish J.W. Results of a baseline urine test predict levels of cocaine use during treatment. Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 2001;62(1):1–7. [PubMed: 11173162]

  • Eisen M, Keyser-Smith J, Dampeer J, Sambrano S. Evaluation of substance use outcomes in demonstration projects for pregnant and postpartum women and their infants: Findings from a quasi-experiment. Addictive Behaviors. 2000;25(1):123–129. [PubMed: 10708327]

  • Epstein E.E, McCrady B.S. Behavioral couples treatment of alcohol and drug use disorders: Current status and innovations. Clinical Psychology Review. 1998;18(6):689–711. [PubMed: 9779329]

  • Epstein, J.; Barker, P.; Vorburger, M.; and Murtha, C. Serious Mental Illness and Its Co-Occurrence With Substance Use Disorders, 2002. Analytic Series A-24. DHHS Publication No. (SMA) 04–3905. Rockville, MD: Office of Applied Studies, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 2004.www​.oas.samhsa.gov/CoD/Cod.htm lsqb;accessed August 17, 2004].

  • Evans, K., and Sullivan, J.M. Dual Diagnosis: Counseling the Mentally Ill Substance Abuser, Second Edition. New York: Guilford Press, 2000.

  • Fals-Stewart W, Birchler G.R. A national survey of the use of couples therapy in substance abuse treatment. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment. 2001;20:277–283. [PubMed: 11672643]

  • Fals-Stewart W, Birchler G.R, O'Farrell T.J. Behavioral couples therapy for male substance-abusing patients: Effects on relationship adjustment drug-using behavior. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. 1996;64:959–972. [PubMed: 8916625]

  • Farabee D, Prendergast M, Anglin M.D. The effectiveness of coerced treatment for drug-abusing offenders. Federal Probation. 1998;62:3–10.

  • Farabee D, Prendergast M, Cartier J, Wexler H, Knight K, Anglin M.D. Barriers to implementing effective correctional drug treatment programs. Prison Journal. 1999;79:150–162.

  • Farabee D, Rawson R, McCann M. Adoption of drug avoidance activities among patients in contingency management and cognitive-behavioral treatments. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment. 2002;23(4):343–350. [PubMed: 12495796]

  • Fears, D. A Diverse—and Divided—Black Community. Washington Post, February 24, 2002, pp. A1, A8.

  • Festinger D.S, Lamb R.J, Marlowe D.B, Kirby K.C. From telephone to office: Intake attendance as a function of appointment delay. Addictive Behaviors. 2002;27(1):131–137. [PubMed: 11800219]

  • Finnegan, D.G., and McNally, E.B. Counseling Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Substance Abusers: Dual Identities, Second Edition. Binghamton, NY: Haworth Press, 2002.

  • Finney, J.W.; Hahn, A.C.; and Moos, R.H. The effectiveness of inpatient and outpatient treatment for alcohol abuse: The need to focus on mediators and moderators of setting effects. Addiction 91(12):1773–1796; discussion 1803–1820, 1996. [PubMed: 8997760]

  • Fiorentine R. After drug treatment: Are 12-Step programs effective in maintaining abstinence? American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse. 1999;25(1):93–116. [PubMed: 10078980]

  • First, M.B.; Spitzer, R.L.; Gibbon, M.; and Williams, J.B.W. Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis I Disorders (SCID-I), Clinician Version. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association, 1997.

  • Fishman H.C, Andes F. Enhancing family therapy: The addition of a community resource specialist. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy. 2001;27(1):111–116. [PubMed: 11215980]

  • Fishman J, Reynolds T, Riedel E. A retrospective investigation of an intensive outpatient substance abuse treatment program. American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse. 1999;25(2):185–196. [PubMed: 10395154]

  • Flynn P.M, Craddock S.G, Luckey J.W, Hubbard R.L, Dunteman G.H. Comorbidity of antisocial personality and mood disorders among psychoactive substance-dependent treatment clients. Journal of Personality Disorders. 1996;10(1):56–67.

  • Folstein M.F, Folstein S.E, McHugh P.R. Mini-Mental State: A practical method for grading the cognitive state of patients for the clinician. Journal of Psychiatric Research. 1975;12:189–198. [PubMed: 1202204]

  • Forman, R. One AA meeting doesn't fit all: Six keys to prescribing 12-Step programs. Current Psychiatry, October 2002, pp. 1, 10, 16–24.

  • Frank E, Winkleby M.A, Altman D.G, Rockhill B, Fortmann S.P. Predictors of physician's smoking cessation advice. JAMA. 1991;266:3139–3144. [PubMed: 1956100]

  • Fudala P.J, Yu E, MacFadden W, Boardman C, Chiang C.N. Effects of buprenorphine and naloxone in morphine-stabilized opioid addicts. Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 1998;50:1–8. [PubMed: 9589267]

  • Fuller R.K, Gordis E. Refining the treatment of alcohol withdrawal: Editorial. JAMA. 1994;272:557–558. [PubMed: 8046812]

  • Gastfriend, D.R. Placement matching: Challenges and technical progress. In: Proceedings: Tenth Annual Meeting & Symposium, December 2–5, 1999. Prairie Village, KS: American Academy of Addiction Psychiatry, 1999, pp. 18–19.www​.aaap.org/meetings/proceedings.pdf[accessed February 11, 2004].

  • Gaston L. Reliability and criterion-related validity of the California Psychotherapy Alliance Scales—patient version. Psychological Assessment. 1991;3:68–74.

  • Gfroerer J, Penne M, Pemberton M, Folsom R. Substance abuse treatment need among older adults in 2020: The impact of the aging baby-boom cohort. Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 2003;69(2):127–135. [PubMed: 12609694]

  • Glaze, L.E. Probation and parole in the United States, 2002. Bureau of Justice Statistics Bulletin. Washington, DC: Office of Justice Programs, August 2003.www​.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/pub/pdf/ppus02.pdf[accessed February 11, 2004].

  • Gloria A.M, Peregoy J.J. Counseling Latino alcohol and other substance users/abusers: Cultural considerations for counselors. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment. 1996;13:119–126. [PubMed: 8880669]

  • Glover E.D, Glover P.N, Payne T.J. Treating nicotine dependence. American Journal of the Medical Sciences. 2003;326(4):183–186. [PubMed: 14557731]

  • Godlaski T.M, Leukefeld C, Cloud R. Recovery: With and without self-help. Substance Use & Misuse. 1997;32(5):621–627. [PubMed: 9141180]

  • Godley, S.H.; Meyers, R.J.; Smith, J.E.; Karvinen, T.; Titus, J.C.; Godley, M.D.; Dent, G.; Passetti, L.; and Kelberg, P. The Adolescent Community Reinforcement Approach for Adolescent Cannabis Users. Cannabis Youth Treatment Series, Volume 4. DHHS Publication No. (SMA) 01–3489. Rockville, MD: Center for Substance Abuse Treatment, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 2001.

  • Goldenberg, I., and Goldenberg, H. Family Therapy: An Overview, Second Edition. Brooks Grove, CA: Brooks/Cole Publishing Co., 1985.

  • Goodman D. Arab Americans and American Muslims express mental health needs. SAMHSA News. 2002;10(1):2–3.

  • Gorski, T.T. The CENAPS® model of relapse prevention therapy (CMRPT®). In: Carroll, K.M., ed. Approaches to Drug Abuse Counseling. NIH Publication No. 00–4151. Rockville, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse, 2000, pp. 23–38.

  • Gorski, T.T., and Kelley, J.M. Counselor's Manual for Relapse Prevention With Chemically Dependent Criminal Offenders. Technical Assistance Publication (TAP) Series 19. DHHS Publication No. (SMA) 96–3115. Rockville, MD: Center for Substance Abuse Treatment, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 1996.

  • Gorski, T.T.; Kelley, J.M.; Havens, L.; and Peters, R.H. Relapse Prevention and the Substance-Abusing Criminal Offender. Technical Assistance Publication (TAP) Series 8. DHHS Publication No. (SMA) 95–3071. Rockville, MD: Center for Substance Abuse Treatment, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 1993, reprinted 1995.

  • Gottheil E, Weinstein S.P, Sterling R.C, Lundy A, Serota R.D. A randomized controlled study of the effectiveness of intensive outpatient treatment for cocaine dependence. Psychiatric Services. 1998;49(6):782–787. [PubMed: 9634157]

  • Greenfeld, L.A., and Snell, T.L. Women offenders. Bureau of Justice Statistics Special Report. Washington, DC: Office of Justice Programs, December 1999, revised October 2000.www​.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/abstract/wo.htm[accessed February 11, 2004].

  • Greenwood G.L, White E.W, Page-Shafer K, Bein E, Osmond D.H, Paul J, Stall R.D. Correlates of heavy substance use among young gay and bisexual men: The San Francisco Young Men's Health Study. Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 2001;61(2):105–112. [PubMed: 11137274]

  • Gregoire T.K, Snively C.A. The relationship of social support and economic self-sufficiency to substance abuse outcomes in a long-term recovery program for women. Journal of Drug Education. 2001;31(3):221–237. [PubMed: 11696960]

  • Grella C.E, Polinsky M.L, Hser Y.-I, Perry S.M. Characteristics of women-only and mixed-gender drug abuse treatment programs. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment. 1999;17:37–44. [PubMed: 10435251]

  • Grieco, E.M. The Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander population: 2000. Census 2000 Brief. C2KBR/01-14. Washington, DC: U.S. Census Bureau, 2001.

  • Grosenick J.K, Hatmaker C.M. Perceptions of the importance of physical setting in Substance abuse treatment. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment. 2000;18:29–39. [PubMed: 10636604]

  • Gruber K, Chutuape M.A, Stitzer M.L. Reinforcement-based intensive outpatient treatment for inner city opiate abusers: A short-term evaluation. Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 2000;57:211–223. [PubMed: 10661672]

  • Guardia J, Caso C, Arias F, Gual A, Sanahuja J, Ramirez M, Mengual I, Gonzalvo B, Segura L, Trujols J, Casas M.A. double-blind placebo-controlled study of naltrexone in the treatment of alcohol-dependence disorder: Results from a multicenter trial. Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research. 2002;26(9):1381–1387. [PubMed: 12351933]

  • Guss, J.R., ed. Addictions in the Gay and Lesbian Community. New York: Haworth Press, 2000.

  • Guydish J, Sorensen J.L, Chan M, Werdegar D, Bostrom A, Acampora A. A randomized trial comparing day and residential drug abuse treatment: 18-month outcomes. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. 1999;67(3):428–434. [PubMed: 10369064]

  • Guydish J, Werdegar D, Sorensen J.L, Clark W, Acampora A. Drug abuse day treatment: A randomized clinical trial comparing day and residential treatment programs. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. 1998;66(2):280–289. [PubMed: 9583331]

  • Hadjicostandi J, Cheurprakobkit S. Drugs and substances: Views from a Latino community. American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse. 2002;28(4):693–710. [PubMed: 12492265]

  • Hamilton, N.L.; Brantley, L.B.; Tims, F.M.; Angelovich, N.; and McDougall, B. Family Support Network for Adolescent Cannabis Users. Cannabis Youth Treatment Series, Volume 3. DHHS Publication No. (SMA) 01–3488. Rockville, MD: Center for Substance Abuse Treatment, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 2001.

  • Harrison, P.M., and Beck, A.J. Prisoners in 2002. Bureau of Justice Statistics Bulletin. Washington, DC: Office of Justice Programs, July 2003.www​.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/pub/pdf/p02.pdf[accessed February 11, 2004].

  • Hasin D.S, Trautman K.D, Miele G.M, Samet S, Smith M, Endicott J. Psychiatric Research Interview for Substance and Mental Disorders (PRISM): Reliability for substance abusers. American Journal of Psychiatry. 1996;153:1195–1201. [PubMed: 8780425]

  • Health Resources and Services Administration. Cultural Competence Works: Using Cultural Competence To Improve the Quality of Health Care for Diverse Populations and Add Value to Managed Care Arrangements. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2001.

  • Heather N, Luce A, Peck D, Dunbar B, James I. Development of a treatment version of the Readiness to Change Questionnaire. Addiction Research. 1999;7:63–68.

  • Heather N, Rollnick S, Bell A. Predictive validity of the Readiness to Change Questionnaire. Addiction. 1993;88:1667–1677. [PubMed: 8130706]

  • Higgins S.T. Some potential contributions of reinforcement and consumer-demand theory to reducing cocaine use. Addictive Behaviors. 1996;21(6):803–816. [PubMed: 8904945]

  • Higgins, S.T. Introduction. In: Higgins, S.T., and Silverman, K., eds. Motivating Behavior Change Among Illicit-Drug Abusers: Research on Contingency Management Interventions. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association, 1999, pp. 3–13.

  • Higgins S.T, Budney A.J, Bickel W.K, Foerg F.E, Ogden D, Badger G.J. Outpatient behavioral treatment for cocaine dependence: One year outcomes. Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology. 1995;3:205–212.

  • Higgins, S.T., and Silverman, K., eds. Motivating Behavior Change Among Illicit-Drug Abusers: Research on Contingency Management Interventions. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association, 1999.

  • Higgins S.T, Wong C.J, Badger G.J, Ogden D.E, Dantona R.L. Contingent reinforcement increases cocaine abstinence during outpatient treatment and 1 year of follow-up. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. 2000;68(1):64–72. [PubMed: 10710841]

  • Hodgins D.C, el-Guebaly N, Addington J. Treatment of substance abusers: Single or mixed gender programs. Addiction. 1997;92(7):805–812. [PubMed: 9293039]

  • Hoffman F. Cultural adaptations of Alcoholics Anonymous to serve Hispanic populations. International Journal of Addiction. 1994;29(4):445–460. [PubMed: 8188439]

  • Hoffman, J.A.; Jones, B.; Caudill, B.D.; Mayo, D.W.; and Mack, K.A. The living in balance counseling approach. In: Carroll, K.M., ed. Approaches to Drug Abuse Counseling. NIH Publication No. 00–4151. Rockville, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse, 2000, pp. 39–60.

  • Hoffmann, N.G.; Halikas, J.A.; Mee-Lee, D.; and Weedman, R.D. Patient Placement Criteria for the Treatment of Psychoactive Substance Use Disorders. Chevy Chase, MD: American Society of Addiction Medicine, 1991.

  • Howell E.M, Heiser N, Harrington M. A review of recent findings on substance abuse treatment for pregnant women. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment. 1999;16:195–219. [PubMed: 10194738]

  • Hser Y.I, Polinsky M.L, Maglione M, Anglin M.D. Matching clients' needs with drug treatment services. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment. 1999;16(4):299–305. [PubMed: 10349602]

  • Hubbard J.R, Everett A.S, Khan M.A. Alcohol and drug abuse in patients with physical disabilities. American Journal of Drug Abuse. 1996;22(2):215–231. [PubMed: 8727056]

  • Humphreys K, Moos R.H, Cohen G. Social and community resources and long-term recovery from treated and untreated alcoholism. Journal of Alcoholism Studies. 1997;58:231–238. [PubMed: 9130214]

  • Hurt R.D, Offord K.P, Croghan I.T, Gomez-Dahl L, Kottke T.E, Morse M.E, Melton L.J III. Mortality following inpatient addictions treatment: Role of tobacco use in a community-based cohort. JAMA. 1996;275:1097–1103. [PubMed: 8601929]

  • Inciardi, J.A. A Corrections-Based Continuum of Effective Drug Abuse Treatment: Research Preview. Washington, DC: National Institute of Justice, U.S. Department of Justice, June 1996.

  • Institute of Medicine. Bridging the Gap Between Practice and Research: Forging Partnerships With Community-Based Drug and Alcohol Treatment. Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 1998. [PubMed: 25101381]

  • Irvin J.E, Bowers C.A, Dunn M.E, Wang M.C. Efficacy of relapse prevention: A meta-analytic review. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. 1999;67:563–570. [PubMed: 10450627]

  • Jaffe J.H, O'Keefe C. From morphine clinics to buprenorphine: Regulating opioid agonist treatment of addiction in the United States. Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 2003;70:S3–S11. [PubMed: 12738346]

  • Jainchill N. Substance dependency treatment for adolescents: Practice and research. Substance Use & Misuse. 2000;35(1214):2031–2060. [PubMed: 11138716]

  • Jezewski, M.A., and Sotnik, P. Culture Brokering: Providing Culturally Competent Rehabilitation Services to Foreign-Born Persons. Buffalo, NY: Center for International Rehabilitation Research Information and Exchange, 2001.www​.cirrie.buffalo.edu/cbrokering.html[accessed February 11, 2004].

  • Joe G.W, Simpson D.D, Broome K.M. Effects of readiness for drug abuse treatment on client retention and assessment of process. Addiction. 1998;93:1177–1190. [PubMed: 9813899]

  • Johnson K.M, Beale C.L. The rural rebound. Wilson Quarterly. 1998;22(2):16–27.

  • Johnson J.L, Leff M. Children of substance abusers: Overview of research findings. Pediatrics. 1999;103:1085–1099. [PubMed: 10224196]

  • Johnson R.E, McCagh J.C. Buprenorphine and naloxone for heroin dependence. Current Psychiatry Reports. 2000;2:519–526. [PubMed: 11123005]

  • Johnson R.E, Strain E.C, Amass L. Buprenorphine: How to use it right. Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 2003;70:S59–S77. [PubMed: 12738351]

  • Jordan L.C, Davidson W.S, Herman S.E, Boots Miller B.J. Involvement in 12-Step programs among persons with dual diagnoses. Psychiatric Services. 2002;53:894–896. [PubMed: 12096178]

  • Joyner L.M, Wright J.D, Devine J.A. Reliabilit and validity of the Addiction Severity Index among homeless substance misusers. Substance Use & Misuse. 1996;31(6):729–751. [PubMed: 8816118]

  • Kadden, R.; Carroll, K.M.; Donovan, D.; Cooney, N.; Monti, P.; Abrams, D.; Litt, M.; and Hester, R., eds. Cognitive-Behavioral Coping Skills Therapy Manual: A Clinical Research Guide for Therapists Treating Individuals With Alcohol Abuse and Dependence. Project MATCH Monograph Series, Volume 3. NIH Publication No. 94–3724. Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, 1995.

  • Kandel D.B, Johnson J.G, Bird H.R, Weissman M.M, Goodman S.H, Lahey B.B, Regier D.A, Schwab-Stone M.E. Psychiatric comorbidity among adolescents with substance use disorders: Findings from the MECA study. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. 1999;38:693–699. [PubMed: 10361787]

  • Karageorge, K. Mental Health Status of Male and Female Clients Before and After Substance Abuse Treatment. NEDS Fact Sheet 135. Fairfax, VA: National Evaluation Data Services, 2002.

  • Katz E.C, Gruber K, Chutuape M.A, Stitzer M.L. Reinforcement-based outpatient treatment for opiate and cocaine abusers. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment. 2001;20(1):93–98. [PubMed: 11239734]

  • Kavanagh, K., and Kennedy, P.H. Promoting Cultural Diversity: Strategies for Health Care Professionals. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1992.

  • Kelly J.F, McKellar J.D, Moos R. Major depression in patients with substance use disorders: Relationship to 12-Step self-help involvement and substance use outcomes. Addiction. 2003;98(4):499–508. [PubMed: 12653819]

  • Kelly R.C, Mieczkowski T, Sweeney S.A. Hair analysis for drugs of abuse. Hair color and race differentials or systematic differences in drug preferences? Forensic Science International. 2000;107(1–3):63–86. [PubMed: 10689562]

  • Kessler R.C, Nelson C.B, McGonagle K.A, Edlund M.H, Frank R.G, Leaf P.J. The epidemiology of co-occurring addictive and mental disorders: Implications for prevention service utilization. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry. 1996;66(1):17–31. [PubMed: 8720638]

  • Kirby, K.C.; Amass, L.; and McLellan, A.T. Disseminating contingency management research to drug abuse treatment practitioners. In: Higgins, S.T., and Silverman, K., eds. Motivating Behavior Change Among Illicit-Drug Abusers: Research on Contingency Management Interventions. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association, 1999a, pp. 327–344.

  • Kirby K.C, Marlowe D.B, Festinger D.S, Garvey K.A, LaMonaca V. Community reinforcement training for family and significant others of drug abusers: A unilateral intervention to increase treatment entry of drug users. Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 1999b;56:85–96. [PubMed: 10462097]

  • Kirby K.C, Marlowe D.B, Festinger D.S, Lamb R.J, Platt J.J. Schedule of voucher delivery influences initiation of cocaine abstinence. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. 1998;66(5):761–767. [PubMed: 9803694]

  • Kohn C.S, Tsoh J.Y, Weisner C.M. Changes in smoking status among substance abusers: Baseline characteristics and abstinence from alcohol and drugs at 12-month follow-up. Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 2003;69:61–71. [PubMed

  • Introduction

    This guide is based on The Chicago Manual of Style (17th ed.) and provides only selected citation examples for commonly used sources, and of notes/bibliography style only. For more detailed information, directly consult a print copy or online version of the style manual available at the SFU Library and at the SFU Bookstore.

    Chicago style is sometimes referred to as Turabian style, which is a modified version of Chicago style, and which is outlined in Kate L. Turabian's A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations, 7thed. [print].

    For the best printing results, use the printer-friendly PDF format of this guide.

    Keep track of your document references/citations and format your reference lists easily with citation management software.

    General notes on Chicago Style

    Chicago style outlines two distinct citation styles (14.2):

    • Notes/bibliography style, also known as "Humanities style." Sources are cited through footnotes (or endnotes) and a bibliography
    • Author/date style, also known as "Scientific/Social Sciences style." Sources are cited through parenthetical author/date references in the text and a reference list

    Please note that this guide covers only the Humanities style.

    It is recommended practice, but not absolutely necessary, to cite your sources in both the notes and the bibliography. The practice of including both notes and a bibliography is still common practice amongst humanities scholars, so make sure to consult your instructor.

    If you choose not to include a bibliography in your paper or choose to create only a partial list of references, you must provide full details of the sources you cited in your notes. (The first time you mention a work in the notes, you must provide full publication details.  All subsequent notes of the same work can be written in short form.)  If, on the other hand, your bibliography includes all sources cited in the notes, you need not provide full publication details in the notes since a reader can consult the bibliography (14.14).

    Your paper must be double-spaced. It is conventional to single-space footnotes and bibliographies, leaving a blank line between entries.

    Every page of the paper must be assigned a page number, including blank pages, appendices, and bibliography. Arabic numerals are centered or flush right at the top of the page.

    You need to cite and document any sources that you have consulted, even if you presented the ideas from these sources in your own words (13.1 - 13.6). You need to cite:

    • to identify other people's ideas and information used within your essay
    • to inform the reader of your paper where they should look if they want to find the same sources

    A citation must appear in two places in your essay (14.19):

    • in the notes (footnotes or endnotes)
    • in the bibliography (at the end of your paper)

    To introduce other people's ideas in text, use the following examples:

    Use Webster's Third New International Dictionary [print] and Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary [print] for standard spelling references for all Chicago citations (7.1).

    You are responsible for the accuracy of all information in your notes and bibliography (13.6).

    References in text: footnotes and endnotes (14.14 - 14.60)

    In Chicago notes/bibliography style, footnotes or endnotes are used to cite quotes, paraphrases, and other in-text references (14.14-14.60).

    • Footnotes are numbered citations listed at the bottom of each page in the research paper
    • Endnotes are numbered citations listed at the end of the research paper

    To cite a source, a small superscript (raised) number is placed after each in-text reference. Throughout the paper, these in-text references are numbered in sequential order (14.20). For example:

    Each numbered reference then corresponds to a numbered citation in the footnote or endnote that provides author, date, and publication information for each source (14.14). The numbers in the notes are full size, not raised, and followed by a period.

    Citations in notes are single-spaced (unless otherwise instructed), but there is a double space between entries. The first line is indented.

    References in text: shortened citations (14.108, 14.111, 14.275, 14.29-14.36)

    The first in-text reference to a given source must be cited in full with the name of the author/s, title of the work, place of publication, name of the publisher, and page number/s of the cited reference (14.19-14.20). For example:    

    Subsequent notes for sources that have already been cited may be shortened to the author's last name, abbreviated title, and the appropriate page reference (14.25). For example:

    Immediately following notes that refer to the same source may be shortened even further to "ibid." (short for 'ibidem' - the Latin word for "in the same place") and the appropriate page reference (14.34). For example:

    Bibliography (14.19 - 14.23; 14.61 - 14.71)

    The list of sources at the end of the paper or at the end of the chapter is called the bibliography. This list must include all references cited in the text of your paper (14.62 - 14.71).

    In the bibliography, entries are listed in alphabetical order according to the authors' last names. If no author or editor is provided, the work's title may be used instead (14.65).

    Entries are double-spaced, but single-spacing is used within each entry. The second and subsequent lines are indented.

    When the bibliography includes multiple entries by the same author listed together, a 3-em dash may be used to replace the author's name after the first entry (14.67 - 14.70). For example:

    For more information about how to format your bibliography, see sections 14.61 - 14.71.

    Common abbreviations (10.1 - 10.69)

    When books have editors, translators, or compilers, the following abbreviations are used (10.42, 14.72 - 14.84):

    • one editor - ed. / two or more editors - eds.
    • translators - trans.
    • one compiler - comp. / two or more compilers - comps.

    For editions of books other than the first, the edition number (or description) and the abbreviation "ed." are placed after the book's title in all notes and bibliographic citations (14.112 - 14.115). For example:

    • second edition - 2nd ed.
    • revised edition - rev. ed.

    Additional sources

    Chicago Manual of Style

    Turabian Style

    0 Replies to “Appendix And Bibliography Which Order Do Humans”

    Lascia un Commento

    L'indirizzo email non verrà pubblicato. I campi obbligatori sono contrassegnati *