Constitutional Convention Essay
471 Words2 Pages
May 25, 1787
Fifty five delegates from twelve of the thirteen states met in Philadelphia today. Rhode Island is the only state of the thirteen that chose not to attend the revising of the Articles of Confederation. Though, after the delegates reviewed the articles, they agreed that they were not worth saving.
The delegates agreed to make a new document, a constitution, that would bring an entirely new type of government. Since they decided to create a new constitution, the meeting is to b e called the Constitutional Convention. The delegates of the Constitutional Convention were not ordinary American people. They were all professionals and businessmen, and they were all white…show more content…
The delegates are well educated in politics, philosophy, and economics. More than half of the delegates were members in congress under the Articles of Confederation. George Washington is one of the delegates of Virginia. He led the American army through a winning battle against the Great Britain army. He was chose to preside over the meeting because of his great skills as a leader.
Several important decisions were made at the start of the convention. Each state would have one vote, not one vote for each delegate. Also, a simple majority of seven votes would determine an issue. The delegates met in secrecy to replace the Articles of Confederation.
The Virginia delegates proposed a plan of government which included a president, courts, and a congress with two houses. Representation in each house would be based on each states population. Which meant that the larger states would have more votes than the smaller states. Delegates from the smaller states disliked the Virginia plan, because the large states would control congress. The delegates from the smaller states proposed a new plan called the New Jersey plan. This plan called for a governemtn similar to the Articles of Confederation. It had a one house congress in which each state would have equal representation and therefore, equal votes. The larger states didn’t like the New Jersey plan, they felt that the larger states should have more power
Constitutional Compromises Essay
In the spring of 1787, delegates from twelve of the thirteen colonies arrived at Independence Hall, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, with intent to revise or replace the Articles of Confederation. During the summer of 1787, these delegates drafted the Constitution, but not without difficulties. The representatives argued over the topics of representation in government, the presidency, and slavery.
There were two plans concerning representation in government: the Virginia Plan and the New Jersey Plan. The Virginia Plan favored the states with large populations, giving them representation in government proportional to their populations in both the Senate and House of Representatives. The states with smaller populations did not like this idea so they proposed the New Jersey Plan. This plan gave every state one representative, giving all the states equal representation. The Convention could not choose both, so Roger Sherman came up with the Great Compromise, which gave proportional based population in the House of Representatives and 2 senators for each state in the Senate. The 3/5 Compromise was a decision to count each slave as 3/5 of a person. The southern states pushed for this compromise, since a large amount of their population consisted of slaves.
Another issue up for debate was the presidency. The Virginia Plan called for a president that did the will of the legislative branch. They would have the power to veto, but could be overridden. The New Jersey Plan wanted the executive or executives to be elected by Congress. The executives would serve a single term and were subject to recall based on the request of state governors. Hamilton's British Plan suggested that we have an executive called the Governor, elected by electors chosen by the people...
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