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Comparing Animal farm and Russian revolution By Dare Yusuf Due date 4/21/2013 In this essay I am going to show how Animal farm and Russian revolution are the same. Orwell wanted to educate people in communist Russia. The book is about animals but really it is about communism in Russia. All characters in animal farm have a meaning and counterparts in Russian revolution. Animal farm system was feudalism. Mankind is trying to control animals on the farm and in feudalism Kings control the people. Mr. Jones is a cruel and viscous to the animals and his counterpart is Tsar because they both wanted to control all of their land with ruthless force.
Eventually both leaders were overthrown by their people. Animalism and communism are both present in book and Russian revolution. Old major was the animal revolutionary founder and his counterpart was Karl Marx who invented communism. These two guys got the people to revolt against their leaders. Old major and Karl Marx died right before the revolutions began. Snowball was second in charge after Major died; Leon Trotsky was also next in command of Red October after Karl died. The Snowball and Leon both fought in civil war and “The battle for Cow shed” for Animal and Russia.
Snowball wanted to build a windmill to help the farm prosper and get the animals a good life, Trotsky had a set of five year plans for Russia to help them get out of debt. The pigs in the book compare to the rich of Russia during Russian revolution. The pigs never follow the law of the farm and the rich of Russia never followed the law because they were able to pay them self’s out of trouble. Four pigs confessed to working with snowball and were executed on the spot by dogs; the rich people of Russia were sometimes tortured to confess working to with Trotsky, so Trotsky could look evil.
Moses is a lazy bird that talks about a place called “Sugar candy land” and Moses counterpart is the church that were always preaching against Stalin. Napoleon was one of animal’s farm nightmares, and his counterpart Joseph Stalin was equally as worse on Russia. Napoleon used dogs and pigs for public help, they helped him get to power and Stalin used “KGB” to destroy all opposers. Napoleon chased away Snowball of the farm because he was a threat to his power, Stalin did the same thing to Trotsky he had him assassinated. The pigs and dog are made upper class people on animal farm; they sleep on beds, drinks alcohol.
People of Russia and animal farm are similar in many ways. Boxer is a hard working horse that does half the work on the farm and he compares to the working class of Russia. “Comrade Napoleon is always right” that is boxer’s quote and that gets him in trouble, Napoleon betrays him and sells him to a slaughterhouse for money. Boxer is the main reason Napoleon is in power most of the animals on animal farm wouldn’t really listen to Napoleon if boxer never listened to him; The animal looked up to boxer for his hard work ethics and did everything he did so they followed him and built the windmill so that’s why Napoleon got in power.
Mollie was a stupid, lazy, and vein horse that represented the lowest of the rich people of Russia. Mollie never wanted to work or do anything and the low class never helped with the revolution. She ran away to human farm to be pampered and the low class left to the west to avoid doing anything that could have involved a war. The most symbolic of the book was when the hens broke their eggs and didn’t want to sacrifice them to Napoleon. These Hens represented the poor farmers who were forced to give crops and harvest to Stalin.
The hen were starved to death if they didn’t give their eggs up and the poor farmers were also executed, murdered and had their villages burned down to ground if they didn’t want to give up crops. George Orwell does a good job or disusing the books real intention. By using animals he was able to smuggle the book into Russia and sell it. He managed to capture what was going on in Russia while he was going around Europe. Orwell does a great job of portraying the characters and their counterparts perfectly
Author: Brandon Johnson
Comparing Animal Farm and Russian Revolution
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Animal Farm and Russian Revolution Comparison:
Highlights, Events, Characters, Themes
The novel Animal Farm, by George Orwell, is an anti-utopian story of animals
taking over a farm in England. There are many parallels between the events and
characters in Animal Farm and those of the Russian Revolution. As in the Russian
Revolution the animals in Animal Farm strive to create a better life for themselves by
taking over the farm. But in the end their lives are no different than before except they
have different leaders. In addition, their new leaders became the same way as their old
The Russian Revolution was a series of events that eventually led to the formation of the Communist government of the USSR. It began with the overthrow of the monarchy of the last Russian Czar, Nicholas II. After the monarchy was overthrown, a Provisional government was established with the intent to change the social, economic, and political system to one based on the philosophy of communist socialism as defined by Karl Marx (1 xi-x). This government was soon divided into two fractions. One, the Bolsheviks, led by Vladimir llich Lenin, favored establishment of a centralized communist society. The other faction, the Mensheviks favored establishment of a constitutional government because they believed Russia was not ready for revolution. In reality, neither party held a real majority, and many political figures became powerful and then were expelled. Leon Trotsky joined the Bolsheviks and supported plans that would be for the good of all Russian people. Joseph Stalin built consensus with the members of several factions. In the final stages Lenin and the Bolsheviks seized power and formed the communist government of the USSR ("Russian Revolution").
Much like the Russian Revolution events, Animal Farm tends to follow a similar sequence of events. The overthrow of Nicholas II is much like taking over the Jones' farm. The labor parties overthrew Nicholas II, and the animals rebelled and took over the farm. The Provisional Government set up in Russia involved many different factions and people, yet only a few individuals really possessed any power (3 158-73). Similarity the animals in Animal Farm gather to form a new society that would improve life for all, only to find that the pigs have already planned how the farm would be managed. The increasing frequency of disagreements between Snowball and Napoleon can be compared to the Provisional government's splitting into two main factions, the Bolsheviks and Mensheviks. Napoleon and his dogs attack and expel Snowball, which parallels the expulsion of Leon Trotsky by Lenin's Secret Police. The Battle of the Cowshed could be compared to the various uprisings and confrontations that took place in Russia in the early days of the Revolution. The Battle of the Windmill can be compared to World War I and the Russians' main enemy, Germany ("Russian Revolution"). The author of Animal Farm bases much of the events on the Russian Revolution.
The characters in Animal Farm and the Russian Revolution can also be compared. Mr. Jones is very similar to the Czar Nicholas II in that he is more interested in his own personal comforts than the well being of his animals or his farm. Old Major can be said to represent either Karl Marx or Lenin as a visionary who predicts a grand future. Snowball is similar to Leon Trotsky in that he is a meticulous planner, freely sharing his ideas to make life better for all animals on the farm. Napoleon compares to Stalin in a way that they both set themselves up as dictators with total power over the government and had special organizations to expel or execute anyone whom rebelled against them. Squealer represents the propaganda departments of Stalin's government. He is constantly maintaining the support for Napoleon by threats (you don't want Jones back) or bending the truth to justify Napoleon's actions. (http://www.globalserve.net/ glamont/frames.htm)
Boxer represents the common people of Russia who constantly follow their leader by working harder despite any doubts they may have in those leaders. Mollie is a character that represents the vain people in Russia at the time. She didn't think much about the farm and only cared for the beauty of herself in which she ends up leaving the farm. The vain people in Russia didn't care about the revolution, only about them, and went to other countries that offered more. Benjamin is much like the skeptical people in Russia. He is old and suspicious of the way things are working out on the farm. He thinks nothing ever changes and his suspicions end up being true. The people in Russia thought the revolution wouldn't change anything and just thought as the rulers as crazy (
The theme in both the novel Animal Farm and the Russian Revolution is basically the development of dictatorship. Throughout all the events in the novel and revolution, you can see the accomplishments and the failures in forming a dictatorship or any form of government. Another theme is that anything that sounds like paradise could quickly take advantage of you and change your whole vision of that paradise. Like, with Animal Farm all the animals thought the farm would be heaven without Jones, and it turned out to be equal or even worse without him running the farm. Many themes could be learned from this story and revolution, but very few are obvious.
People are always looking for Utopia, but Orwell's belief is that it does not exist. But the search for Utopia could lead you to be taken advantage of by others. Animal Farm reveals clearly a way that Utopia is searched for but is never found.