The Water Crisis and Solutions Essay
1467 Words6 Pages
There is a global shortage of drinking water. A person might wonder how this can be if seventy percent of the earth’s surface is covered by water. Most of the Earth’s water is unsuitable for human consuption. Ocean water is salt water, which makes up 97.5% of all water on the planet. Freshwater is only 3.5% of all the water on Earth. Drinking water is sourced from bodies of freshwater.
Freshwater is quite scarce, but it is even scarcer than one might think: about seventy percent of all freshwater is frozen in the icecaps of Antarctica and Greenland and is unavailable to humans. Most of the remainder is present as soil moisture or lies in deep underground aquifers as groundwater. It is not economically feasible to extract this waster…show more content…
Instead of increasing the supply of water to meet demand, a more viable method of addressing the water crisis is to manage consumption. The world population continues to grow, and trying to increase the supply of water is risky at best and usually costs exorbitant amounts of money, making this option available only to wealthy or economically developed countries. Therefore, controlling the use of water in municipalities or having a national policy of water conservation would allow the world’s supply of freshwater to better sustain itself through rainfall and other methods. Conserving water also saves energy, and energy is needed to treat, transport, and heat freshwater.
For water-saving programs to succeed, however, several things must be in place. The water saving program implemented by the city of Zaragoza in Spain highlights some basic actions required for such a program to succeed. Firstly, “rather than being a collection of fragmented, individual initiatives, the setting up of the Zaragoza Water Commission allowed the effective coordination of consultation, implementation and evaluation of different activities, with the aim of achieving a common goal.” (Water demand management, 2010) Secondly, the goal of reducing water use by all types of consumers requires the cooperation of a wide range of stakeholders. Working closely with stakeholder representatives allows the identification of realistic and acceptable water
09:28 PM (GMT +5)
Wednesday, November 05, 2014
Water crisis, Impacts and Management in Pakistan
Water crisis, Impacts and Management in Pakistan
o World Bank report
o Causes pertaining to water crises in Pakistan:
- International causes:
1. Step-mother attitude of Sir Radcliff in the boundary commission.
2. Violation of Indus Basin Treaty by India.
- National causes:
1. Lack of proper management by government
2. Unrest between provinces on sharing of water and inefficient role of IRSA
3. Lack of dams and modern irrigation system
4. Kalabagh dam-A controversial issue
5. Wastage of water and its lack of significance among public
6. Challenges of IBIS-Pakistan
- Natural cause:
Increase in global warming and chlorofluorocarbons
o Impacts of glooming water crises:
- Global impacts:
- Threat of war between Pakistan and India on war
- Local impacts:
1. Devastation of agriculture
2. Loss of economy
3. Scarcity of water will cause unrest among people
4. Pakistan will bound to purchase water from foreign countries
o Management of water crises:
- International levels:
Pakistan should involve SAARC and UN to urge India not to make dams on western rivers
- National level:
1. National development economic programme 2005-10
2. Construction of dams and their improvement:
Raising Mangla dam
3. Utilisation of water:
- Power generation
4. Water price should be increased.
5. Nationwide campaign for the importance of water.
Many have lived without love, but no one without water.
Water is one of the precious natural resources in the world. It has a great significance for both living and non-living things. Unfortunately, it is becoming a hot potato among countries due to its scarcity. Particularly in Pakistan, the situation is quite alarming. Although Almighty Allah has blessed it teeming with abundant resources but when it comes to water, due to couple of reasons, Pakistan has fallen into the abyss of severe water crises. According to World Bank report, availability of water in Pakistan was 5000 cubic meters per capita in 1950 but now it has been dreadfully fallen to merely 1490 cubic meters per capita. There are several reasons which have caused such downfall the violation of Indus basin water treaty by since 1980 when she started making dams on three western rivers namely Indus, Jhelum and Chenab. Indias nefarious steps against Pakistan have proved a death-nail for Pakistan. Moreover, in 1947, the matter of utilisation of water resources of Indus basin was raised by Pakistan and the boundary common, chaired by Sir Radcliff awarded control barrages to India, while 90 percent of irrigated land lay in Pakistan. Notwithstanding, the misery does not end here because lack of poor management by government, unrest among provinces claiming right on quota of water and inefficient role of IRSA, lack of dams especially the issue of Kalabagh dam, wastage of water its seepage coupled with its lack of importance among people and also absence of a system of affluent disposal on barrages and canals in Punjab and Sindh being the challenge of IBIS-Pakistan have further triggered the water crises. The rapid change in climate followed by global warming also adds fuel in its scarcity.
Now the impacts have arisen to an alarming situation because there is a threat of war between Pakistan and India on water. If water crises prevail, it would be fierce blow to agriculture sector of Pakistan in the result of its devastation and it will lead to an immense loss of economy because agriculture is a backbone of the country and it contributes about 24 percent of its GDP and 70 percent of exports are also dependent on this sector. The scarcity of water will also cause unrest among people and Pakistan would be bound to purchase it from foreign countries.
To efficiently manage such glooming crises of water, it is the dire need of the hour Pakistan should involve SAARC and UN to urge India not to make new dams on rivers having exclusive right as per Indus basin Treaty and stop making work on Wullar, baglihair, Kishanganga and Uri II project. The National Development Economic Programme 2005-10 started by ex-Prime Minister Yousuf Raza Gillani to constructe new dams by 2016 was indeed a great step. The improvement of dams, preservation of ground, and especially construction of Kalabagh dam would be very beneficial. The raising of Mangla dam by 40 feet and construction of Thal reservoir, Bhasha dam and Gomal dam are such worth taking measures that can efficient manage the prevailing water crises.
The proper utilisation of water by irrigation, power generation, drinking and industry should be practiced. Its quite evident that people waste water due to its low monetary value. The government should increase its price so that people use it carefully. Nevertheless, a nationwide campaign and headed by government with the help of media to let people aware of the importance of water, its present crises and ways to manage would be and effective measure to get the country out of water crises.
Criticism is highly appreciated.
Nasru minal'lahi wa fat'hun qareeb
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Saturday, November 15, 2014
A comprehensive and formidable approach brother
If you don't like any rule . .Just follow it, reach the top, And change the rule . .
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